Employment Level

Duchy of Lancaster written question – answered at on 3 June 2009.

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Photo of Stephen Hepburn Stephen Hepburn Labour, Jarrow

To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster

(1) how many people were unemployed in (a) Jarrow constituency, (b) South Tyneside, (c) the North East and (d) the UK in each year since 2007;

(2) how many people were in employment in (a) Jarrow constituency, (b) South Tyneside, (c) the North East and (d) the UK in each year since 2007;

(3) what the average unemployment rate of the working age population in (a) Jarrow constituency, (b) South Tyneside, (c) the North East and (d) the UK was in each year since 2007;

(4) how many (a) males, (b) females and (c) single parents were (i) in employment and (ii) unemployed in (A) Jarrow constituency, (B) South Tyneside, (C) the North East and (D) the UK in each year since 1997.

Photo of Kevin Brennan Kevin Brennan Parliamentary Secretary (Cabinet Office) (Third Sector)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the Authority to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated May 2009:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Questions asking how many people were unemployed in (a) Jarrow constituency, (b) South Tyneside, (c) the North East and (d) the UK in each year since 2007; how many people were in employment in (a) Jarrow constituency, (b) South Tyneside, (c) the North East and (d) the UK in each year since 2007; what the average unemployment rate of the working age population in (a) Jarrow constituency, (b) South Tyneside, (c) the North East and (d) the UK has been in each year since 2007; and how many (a) males, (b) females and (c) single parents were in (i) in employment and (ii) unemployed in (a) Jarrow constituency, (b) South Tyneside, (c) the North East and (d) the UK has been in each year since 1997. (277459,277460,277461 & 277462).

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) compiles labour market statistics for local areas from the Annual Population Survey (APS) and its predecessor the annual Labour Force Survey (LFS). Estimates of total unemployment for unitary and local authorities are produced from a statistical model, following International Labour Organisation (ILO) definitions.

Table 1 shows the number of people aged 16+, resident in (a) Jarrow constituency, (b) South Tyneside, (c) the North East and (d) the UK, who were unemployed in each year since 2007. The estimates for UK and the North East have been compiled from the APS to be consistent with those for Jarrow constituency, and will therefore differ from the unemployment figures published in the Labour Market First Release. Estimates for South Tyneside are compiled from model based estimates.

Table 2 shows the number of people aged 16+, resident in the requested geographies who were employed in each year since 2007. The estimates for UK and the North East have been compiled from the APS to be consistent with those for Jarrow constituency and South Tyneside and will therefore differ from the unemployment figures published in the Labour Market First Release.

Table 3 shows the average unemployment rate, for persons of working age (males aged 16 to 64 and females aged 16 to 59), resident in the requested geographies, who were unemployed in each year since 2007. Unemployment rates published by ONS have been compiled from the APS and are based on the percentage of the economically active population. Estimates for South Tyneside are compiled from Model based estimates.

Table 4 shows the number of lone parents below state pension age with dependent children in employment and unemployed in the requested geographies for the calendar years 2004 to 2007. Estimates are derived from the APS household datasets and are only available for January to December for the years 2004 to 2007. Estimates for 2008 will be available from summer 2009.

Table 5 shows the number of people aged 16+, males and females resident in the requested geographies who were employed in each year since 2007. The estimates for UK and the North East have also been compiled from the APS to be consistent with those for Jarrow constituency and South Tyneside and will therefore differ from the unemployment figures published in the Labour Market First Release National and local area estimates for many labour market statistics, including employment and unemployment are available from the NOMIS website at: http://www.nomisweb.co.uk.

Table 1 : Number of persons unemployed( 1) resident in Jarrow constituency, South Tyneside, the North East and the UK in each year since 2007
Thousand
12 months ending: Jarrow South Tyneside( 2) North East UK
September 2007 3 6 80 1,603
September 2008(3) ****— ***6 *86 *1,643
— = Data is unreliable for practical purposes.

(1) Levels of unemployment are provided for persons aged 16 and over. The figures presented are weighted to population estimates published in 2007.

(2) Model Based Estimates.

(3) Coefficients of Variation have been calculated for the latest period as an indication of the quality of the estimates. See Guide to Quality as follows.

Guide to Quality:

The Coefficient of Variation (CV) indicates the quality of an estimate, the smaller the CV value the higher the quality. The true value is likely to lie within +/- twice the CV—for example, for an estimate of 200 with a CV of 5 per cent. we would expect the population total to be within the range 180-220.

Key Coefficient of Variation (CV) (%) Statistical Robustness

* 0 = CV<5 Estimates are considered precise

** 5 = CV <10 Estimates are considered reasonably precise

*** 10 = CV <20 Estimates are considered acceptable

**** CV 20 Estimates are considered too unreliable for practical purposes

Source:

Annual Population Survey and Model Based Estimates

Tabl e 2: Number of persons employed( 1) resident in Jarrow constituency, South Tyneside, the North East and the UK in each year since 2007
Thousand
12 months ending: Jarrow South Tyneside North East UK
September 2007 37 64 1,162 29,042
September 2008(2) **36 *66 *1,161 *29,350
(1) Levels of employment are provided for persons aged 16 and over. The figures presented are weighted to population estimates published in 2007.

(2) Coefficients of Variation have been calculated for the latest period as an indication of the quality of the estimates. See Guide to Quality as follows.

Guide to Quality:

The Coefficient of Variation (CV) indicates the quality of an estimate, the smaller the CV value the higher the quality. The true value is likely to lie within +/- twice the CV—for example, for an estimate of 200 with a CV of 5 per cent. we would expect the population total to be within the range 180-220.

Key Statistical Robustness

* Estimates are considered precise.

** Estimates are considered reasonably precise.

*** Estimates are considered acceptable.

**** Estimates are considered too unreliable for practical purposes.

Source:

Annual Population Survey

Table 3: Average unemployment rates( 1) for people of working age resident in Jarrow constituency, South Tyneside, the North East and the UK in each year since 2007
Percentage
12 months ending: Jarrow South Tyneside( 2) North East UK
September 2007 6.5 8.2 6.5 5.4
September 2008 6.3 7.7 7.0 5.5
(1) Number of unemployed people of working age as a percentage of the economically active population. Working age is defined as being: males aged 16 to 64 and females aged 16 to 59.

(2) Model based estimates.

Source:

Annual Population Survey and Model Based Estimates

Table 4 : Number of lone parents( 1) with dependent children( 2) in employment and unemployed in selected areas of UK, 2004 to 2007; January to December of each year
Thousand
Jarrow South Tyneside North East UK
In employment
2004 3 47 976
2005 3 52 1,016
2006 2 49 1,025
2007(3) ****— ***3 **45 *1,031
Unemployed
2004 6 98
2005 4 93
2006 6 115
2007(3) ****— ****— ***6 *111
— = Data is unreliable for practical purposes.

(1) Men aged 16 to 64 and women aged 16 to 59.

(2) Dependent children are children aged under 16 and those 16 to 18 who are never-married and in full-time education.

(3) Coefficients of Variation have been calculated for the latest period as an indication of the quality of the estimates. See Guide to Quality as follows.

Guide to Quality:

The Coefficient of Variation (CV) indicates the quality of an estimate, the smaller the CV value the higher the quality. The true value is likely to lie within +/- twice the CV—for example, for an estimate of 200 with a CV of 5 per cent. we would expect the population total to be within the range 180-220.

Key Coefficient of Variation (CV) (%) Statistical Robustness

* 0 = CV<5 Estimates are considered precise

** 5 = CV <10 Estimates are considered reasonably precise

*** 10 = CV <20 Estimates are considered acceptable

**** CV 20 Estimates are considered too unreliable for practical purposes

Note:

Zeros represent less than 500.

Source:

Annual Population Survey Household data sets

Table 5: Number of persons employed( 1) by gender resident in Jarrow constituency, South Tyneside, the North East and the UK in each year since 1997
Thousand
Jarrow South Tyneside North East UK
12 months ending: Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female
February 1997 17 14 28 27 491 458 11,454 10,768
February 1998 14 15 25 27 491 456 11,780 10,939
February 1999 16 16 27 26 488 452 12,005 11,145
February 2000 17 17 25 26 476 460 12,203 11,318
February 2001 22 16 33 27 575 500 14,841 12,493
February 2002 20 18 33 31 569 506 14,984 12,643
February 2003 18 18 31 31 574 508 15,059 12,738
February 2004 19 17 32 29 579 512 15,209 12,847
March 2005 18 17 32 30 597 528 15,384 13,013
March 2006 19 18 34 30 602 535 15,427 13,178
March 2007 19 16 33 29 614 540 15,621 13,291
September 2007 20 17 34 30 618 545 15,691 13,351
March 2008 20 17 35 32 619 545 15,816 13,428
September 2008(2) ***18 ***18 ***34 ***32 *617 *544 *15,848 *13,502
(1) Levels of employment are provided for persons aged 16 and over. The figures presented are weighted to population estimates published in 2007.

(2) Coefficients of Variation have been calculated for the latest period as an indication of the quality of the estimates. See Guide to Quality as follows.

Guide to Quality:

The Coefficient of Variation (CV) indicates the quality of an estimate, the smaller the CV value the higher the quality. The true value is likely to lie within +/- twice the CV—for example, for an estimate of 200 with a CV of 5 per cent. we would expect the population total to be within the range 180-220.

Key Coefficient of Variation (CV) (%) Statistical Robustness

* 0 = CV<5 Estimates are considered precise

** 5 = CV <10 Estimates are considered reasonably precise

*** 10 = CV <20 Estimates are considered acceptable

**** CV 20 Estimates are considered too unreliable for practical purposes

Source:

Annual Labour Force Survey and Annual Population Survey

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