Prostitution

Home Department written question – answered on 26th January 2009.

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Photo of Dominic Grieve Dominic Grieve Shadow Attorney General, Shadow Secretary of State

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department

(1) how many people have been (a) arrested, (b) prosecuted and (c) convicted for incidents of prostitution-related activity in each of the last five years;

(2) how many people have been (a) arrested for, (b) prosecuted in respect of and (c) convicted of offences of controlling prostitution for gain in each of the last five years;

(3) how many people have been (a) arrested for, (b) prosecuted in respect of and (c) convicted of offences relating to loitering or soliciting for purposes of prostitution in each of the last five years;

(4) how many people have been (a) arrested for, (b) prosecuted in respect of and (c) convicted of kerb-crawling in each of the last five years;

(5) how many people have been (a) arrested for, (b) prosecuted in respect of and (c) convicted of brothel-keeping in each of the last five years.

Photo of Alan Campbell Alan Campbell Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Home Office) (Crime Reduction)

The information requested on arrests is not available.

The arrests collection held by the Home Office covers arrests for recorded crime (notifiable offences) only, broken down at a main offence group level, covering categories such as violence against the person, burglary, robbery and sexual offences. From these centrally reported data we are not able to identify specific offences from within the main offence groups.

Data provided by the Ministry of Justice, showing the number of persons proceeded against and found guilty of selected prostitution offences in England and Wales, 2003 to 2007, are in the table.

The statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offence for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences the principal offence is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

Number of persons proceeded against at magistrates courts and found guilty at all courts for selected prostitution offences, England and Wales, 2003 to 2007( 1,2,3)
Proceeded against Found guilty
Offence Statute 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Causing or inciting prostitution for gain Sexual Offences Act 2003 S.52 2 1 1 1 2 1
Controlling a prostitute for gain Sexual Offences Act 2003 S.53 1 12 18 23 3 11 24
Keeping a brothel used for prostitution Sexual Offences Act 1956 S.33A as added by Sexual Offences Act 2003 S.55 3 11 39 41 4 8 27 29
Keeping a brothel Sexual Offences Act 1956 Sec 33. 11 26 13 34 37 4 15 11 12 31
Letting premises for use as a brothel Sexual Offences Act 1956 Sec 34. 1 1
Tenant permitting premises to be used as a brothel Sexual Offences Act 1956 Sec 35. 1 3 3 2 1
Tenant permitting premises to be used for prostitution Sexual Offences Act 1956 Sec 36. 2 2 1 2
Keeping a brothel for homosexual practices Sexual Offences Act 1956 Sec 33 as amended by Sexual Offences Act 1967 Sec 6. 2 2
Letting premises for use as a brothel for homosexual practices Sexual Offences Act 1956 Sec 34 as amended by the Sexual Offences Act 1967 Sec 6.
Tenant permitting premises to be used as a brothel for homosexual practices Sexual Offences Act 1956 Sec 35 as amended by the Sexual Offences Act 1967 Sec 6.
Kerb-crawling Sexual Offences Act 1985 Sec 1. 956 841 717 625 554 834 760 635 532 491
Persistent soliciting of women for the purpose of prostitution Sexual Offences Act 1985 Sec 2. 70 64 41 47 78 50 48 34 38 53
Placing an advertisement relating to prostitution Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 S.46. 420 410 435 431 366 396 376 408 392 341
Common prostitute loitering or soliciting for the purpose of prostitution Street Offences Act 1959 Sec 1. 2,956 2,002 1,376 845 874 2,627 1,735 1,116 648 526
(1) The statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences the principal offence is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

(2) Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

(3) The number of defendants found guilty in a particular year may exceed those proceeded against, as it may be the case that the proceedings in the magistrates court took place in the preceding year and they were found guilty at the Crown Court in the following year, or the defendants were found guilty for a different offence to the original offence proceeded against.

Source:

Evidence and Analysis Unit—Office for Criminal Justice Reform

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