Prisons: Per Capita Costs

Justice written question – answered on 17th December 2008.

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Photo of Christopher Huhne Christopher Huhne Shadow Secretary of State for Home Affairs, Home Affairs, Shadow Secretary of State for Justice & Lord Chancellor, Ministry of Justice

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice

(1) what the average cost was of keeping a prisoner for a day in each (a) prison establishment and (b) young offender institution in the latest period for which figures are available; and if he will make a statement;

(2) what the average cost was of keeping a person in prison for (a) one week and (b) one year in the latest period for which figures are available; and if he will make a statement.

Photo of David Hanson David Hanson The Minister of State, Ministry of Justice

The following table shows the cost per prisoner per day for each prison establishment and young offender institution for 2007-08.

The overall average resource cost per prisoner in England and Wales in 2007-08 was £39,000 (to the nearest £500) this equates to £750 per week (to the nearest £10).

There are a number of factors which will cause differences in prison costs, such as the size, age, location and category of the prison, the mix of prisoners (including gender and age) and the internal regime and rehabilitation work followed.

The costs comprise (a) the public sector establishments' direct resource expenditure as published in the HMPS annual report and accounts, increased by an apportionment of costs borne centrally by HMPS and the National Offender Management Service and (b) the resource expenditure of contracted-out prisons also increased by certain costs borne centrally. This involves some estimation. Income from the Youth Justice Board (YJB) in respect of services recharged to the YJB is excluded in order to show the overall cost to the Ministry of Justice. The figures do not include prisoners held in police and court cells under Operation Safeguard, nor expenditure met by other Government Departments (e.g. for health and education). The prisoner escort service is included.

Establishment name Total cost per prisoner per day (£)
Male category B (9)
Albany 102
Dovegate(1) 90
Garth 122
Gartree 114
Grendon 113
Kingston 125
Lowdham Grange(1) 86
Parkhurst 122
Rye Hill(1) 84
Male category C (38)
Acklington 83
Ashwell 77
Blundeston 94
Buckley Hall 107
Bullwood Hall 146
Camp Hill 82
Canterbury 106
Channings Wood 92
Coldingley 112
Dartmoor 89
Edmunds Hill 93
Erlestoke 90
Everthorpe 82
Featherstone 86
Guys Marsh 82
Haverigg 95
Highpoint 79
Kennet(2) 253
Lancaster 129
Lindholme 92
Littlehey 76
Maidstone 100
Moorland 93
Mount 93
Onley 101
Ranby 82
Risley 80
Shepton Mallet 127
Stafford 81
Stocken 93
Usk/Prescoed 83
Verne 76
Wayland 80
Wealstun 94
Wellingborough 86
Wharton 88
The Wolds(1) 104
Wymott 85
Male dispersal (5)
Frankland 201
Full Sutton 199
Long Lartin 226
Wakefield 156
Whitemoor 273
Female closed (5)
Bronzefield(1) 160
Cookham Wood(3) 464
Downview 128
Foston Hall 160
Send 149
Female local (5)
Eastwood Park 130
Holloway 212
Low Newton 160
New Hall 152
Styal 131
Female open (2)
Askham Grange 133
East Sutton Park 81
Male closed YOI (14)
Aylesbury 137
Brinsford 143
Castington 148
Deerbolt 128
Feltham 215
Glen Parva 97
Hindley 142
Lancaster Farms 147
Northallerton 91
Portland 121
Reading 132
Rochester 112
Stoke Heath 109
Swinfen Hall 100
Male juvenile (5)
Ashfield(1) 169
Huntercombe 144
Warren Hill 153
Werrington 176
Wetherby 133
Male local (36)
Altcourse(1) 101
Bedford 91
Belmarsh 192
Birmingham 86
Blakenhurst 83
Bristol 109
Brixton 108
Bullingdon 93
Cardiff 85
Chelmsford 111
Doncaster(1) 86
Dorchester 127
Durham 94
Exeter 109
Forest Bank(1) 70
Gloucester 119
High Down 116
Holme House 88
Hull 83
Leeds 96
Leicester 100
Lewes 104
Lincoln 90
Liverpool 79
Manchester 110
Norwich 117
Nottingham 112
Parc(1) 109
Pentonville 103
Preston 101
Shrewsbury 96
Swansea 88
Wandsworth 86
Winchester 114
Woodhill 159
Wormwood Scrubs 96
Male open (6)
Ford 73
Hollesley Bay 101
Kirkham 100
Leyhill 107
North Sea Camp 83
Sudbury 65
Male open YOI (1)
Thorn Cross 165
Semi open (7)
Blantyre House 104
Dover 102
Drake Hall 113
Haslar 116
Kirklevington 87
Latchmere House 90
Morton Hall 99
Cluster (2)
Hewell 121
Sheppey 90
Mixed Male local and Female closed
Peterborough(1) 92
(1) Denotes contracted-out prisons.

(2) Kennet: Opened in July 2007, therefore resulting in abnormal unit costs.

(3) Includes costs relating to re-role from female to male establishment.

Notes:

1. Establishments are categorised by their main role as at the end of 2007-08. Establishments that have more than one role have been placed in the category that represents the primary or dominant function of the prison. For example, HMP Moorland is designated as category C adult but includes a large young offender population. For this reason, performance of prisons within a category cannot necessarily be compared on a like for like basis.

2. YOI refers to young offender institutions.

3. Data for Elmley, Stanford Hill and Swaleside is reported under the Sheppey cluster. Similarly, data for Brockhill and Hewell Grange is reported together as a cluster, listed as Hewell.

4. There are a number of factors which will cause differences in prison costs, such as the size, age, location and category of the prison, the prisoner population (including gender and age) and the internal regime and rehabilitation work followed.

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