The Department for International Development (DFID) is working closely with the British embassy to support implementation of the CPA in the run up to the elections. Elements of our support are highlighted as follows:
We support the Assessment and Evaluation Commission (AEC)—the body responsible for monitoring the implementation of the CPA. A senior UK ambassador—Sir Derek Plumbly—is now the chair of the AEC. The UK chairs the Security Working Group of the AEC and has a large programme in support of implementation of CPA security protocols, including security sector reform.
Between 2005 and 2008, we contributed £49.6 million to the two Multi-donor Trust Funds (National and Southern Sudan). These Funds are the primary mechanisms for donor support for the priority reconstruction and development needs of war affected regions in Sudan. We have pledged a further £63 million to these Funds for the second half of the interim period, 2008 to 2011.
We have worked intensively to resolve crisis points in the CPA. For example, following the conflict in Abyei in June 2008, we worked with the international community to establish the Abyei road map. DFID funding will support construction of the new Abyei administration and the police headquarters.
We provide support to address the underlying drivers of conflict in Sudan. For example, we plan to set up a Peace Building Fund for the conflict sensitive areas along the disputed border (£750,000 in 2008) and piloted innovative approaches to community security and arms control in Jongiei state in Southern Sudan (£1.7 million in 2008).
We provide support to ensure that the key CPA milestones are met. In 2008, DFID provided £3.1 million in support of Census preparations and monitoring. In 2007-08, we provided technical assistance to the National Constitutional Review Committee (NCRC) to revise the electoral law. We have also supported the establishment of the National Elections Commission (NEC) through UNDP.