Carbon Emissions

Transport written question – answered on 28th October 2008.

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Photo of Norman Baker Norman Baker Shadow Secretary of State for Transport

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what the average level of carbon dioxide emissions in grammes-per-kilometre was for (a) new and (b) all cars in (i) the UK and (ii) each other EU member state in each year since 1997.

Photo of Jim Fitzpatrick Jim Fitzpatrick Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)

Table 1 shows data on average carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of new cars sold in the UK from 1997 to 2007.

Table 1: UK average new car C O 2 emissions (grammes of C O 2 per kilometre)
New car C O 2 emissions (g/km)
1997 189.8
1998 188.4
1999 185.0
2000 181.0
2001 178.0
2002 174.8
2003 172.7
2004 171.4
2005 169.7
2006 167.7
2007 164.7

Data on average new car carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from 1997 to 2000 comes from estimates by The Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT). From 2001, figures are based on new car emissions data collected by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) and supplied to the European Commission for the purposes of monitoring progress towards the EU voluntary commitments on new car CO2 targets.

Data on average new car carbon dioxide emissions from 2000 to 2006 in most EU member states is available on the European Commission website at the following link:

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/transport/co2/co2_monitoring.htm.

This data is reproduced in table 2 as follows:

Table 2: Average new car C O 2 emissions (in gra m mes of C O 2 per kilometre) 2000 - 06
EU member states 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Austria 168.0 165.6 164.4 163.8 161.9 162.1 163.7
Belgium 166.5 163.7 161.1 158.1 156.5 155.2 153.9
Cyprus 173.4 173.0 170.0
Czech Republic 154.0 155.3 154.2
Denmark 175.7 172.9 170.0 169.0 165.9 163.7 162.5
Estonia 179.0 183.7 182.7
Finland 181.1 178.1 177.2 178.3 179.8 179.5 179.2
France 163.6 159.8 156.8 155.0 153.1 152.3 149.9
Germany 182.2 179.5 177.4 175.9 174.9 173.4 172.5
Greece 180.3 166.5 167.8 168.9 168.8 167.4 166.5
Hungary 158.5 156.3 154.6
Ireland 161.3 166.6 164.3 166.7 167.6 166.8 166.3
Italy 155.1 158.3 156.6 152.9 150.0 149.5 149.2
Latvia 192.4 187.2 183.1
Lithuania 187.5 186.3 163.4
Luxembourg 176.7 177.0 173.8 173.5 169.7 168.6 168.2
Malta 148.8 150.5 145.9
Netherlands 174.2 174.0 172.4 173.5 171.0 169.9 166.7
Poland 154.1 155.2 155.9
Portugal 169.2 154.0 149.9 147.1 144.9 145.0
Slovakia 157.4 152.0
Slovenia 152.7 157.2 155.3
Spain 159.2 156.8 156.4 157.0 155.3 155.3 155.6
Sweden 200.1 200.2 198.2 198.6 197.2 193.8 188.6
UK 185.4 178.0 174.8 172.7 171.4 169.7 167.7
EU average 172.2 169.7 167.2 165.5 163.4 162.4 161.3
EU average (corrected)(1) 171.0 168.5 166.0 164.3 162.2 161.2 160.2
(1 )For the purposes of monitoring progress towards the EU voluntary commitments on new car C02 emissions, a correction factor of -0.7 per cent. is applied to reported figures to align them with the original basis for the voluntary commitment.

Note:

The EU-10 member states started with data submission in monitoring year 2004. Data for Romania and Bulgaria is not available.

There is no data available on average CO2 emissions of all cars in the UK since data on CO2 emissions of new vehicles was not routinely collected before 1997. Therefore, in order to estimate the average CO2 emissions of all cars, we would need to make assumptions about the CO2 emissions of cars sold before 1997 and how many of these vehicles are still on the road.

Our estimates suggest that average CO2 emissions from all cars, in the UK have fallen from around 190g/km in 2000 to around 180g/km in 2006.

For similar reasons to those aforementioned, no data are available on average CO2 emissions of all cars in other EU member states.

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