Poverty: Children

Work and Pensions written question – answered on 22nd October 2008.

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Photo of Chris Grayling Chris Grayling Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions how many children lived in households with income of less than 60 per cent. of the national average, broken down by the smallest geographical category possible, in each of the last 10 years.

Photo of Kitty Ussher Kitty Ussher Parliamentary Under-Secretary, Department for Work and Pensions

Specific information regarding low income for the United Kingdom is available in "Households Below Average Income 1994/95-2006/07".

The data source does not allow us to provide robust numbers for estimates below the level of Government office region or inner and outer London for the London Government office region. Information on the number of children below 60 per cent. of national contemporary median income is set out in the following tables.

Table 1: Number of children living in households with less than 60 per cent . of contemporary median household income, before housing co sts, by region or country, 1996-97 to 2006-07
Million
1996-97 to 1998-99 1997-98 to 1999-2000 1998-99 to 2000-01 1999-2000 to 2001-02 2000-01 to 2002-03 2001-02 to 2003-04 2002-03 to 2004-05 2003-04 to 2005-06 2004-05 to 2006-07
North East 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
North West 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Yorkshire and the Humber 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
East Midlands 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
West Midlands 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
East of England 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
London 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Inner London n/a 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Outer London n/a 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
South East 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
South West 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
England 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Wales 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Scotland 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Northern Ireland n/a n/a 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
UK/GB (three-year average) 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Table 2 : Number of children living in households with less than 60 per cent . of contemporary median household income, after housing co sts, by region or country, 1996-97 to 2006-07
Million
1996-97 to 1998-99 1997-98 to 1999-2000 1998-99 to 2000-01 1999-2000 to 2001-02 2000-01 to 2002-03 2001-02 to 2003-04 2002-03 to 2004-05 2003-04 to 2005-06 2004-05 to 2006-07
North East 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
North West 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Yorkshire and the Humber 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
East Midlands 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 L0.3 0.3
West Midlands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
East of England 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
London 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Inner London n/a 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Outer London n/a 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
South East 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
South West 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
England 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
Wales 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Scotland 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Northern Ireland n/a n/a 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
UK/GB (three-year average) 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.8
n/a = Not available.

Notes:

1. These statistics are based on Households Below Average Income data.

2. Small differences should be treated with caution as these will be affected by sampling error and variability in non-response.

3. The reference period for Household Below Average Income figures is single financial years. Three survey year averages are given for each of the regions as robust single year estimates cannot be produced because of volatility in estimates. This will mean the Great Britain and United Kingdom totals will differ from the single year estimates published in the "Households Below Average Income 1994/95-2006/07" report.

4. The income measures used to derive the estimates shown employ the same methodology as the Department for Work and Pensions publication "Households Below Average Income" series, which uses disposable household income, adjusted (or 'equivalised') for household size and composition, as an income measure as a proxy for standard of living. Median incomes are used as the national average in the publication.

5. The figures are based on OECD equivalisation factors.

6. Figures have been presented on both a Before Housing Cost and After Housing Cost basis. For Before Housing Cost, housing costs (such as rent, water rates, mortgage interest payments, structural insurance payments and ground rent and service charges) are not deducted from income, while for After Housing Cost they are.

7. Number of children in low-income households have been rounded to the nearest 100,000 children.

8. Totals may not sum due to rounding.

Source:

Households Below Average Income.

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