Nature Conservation: Finance

Environment Food and Rural Affairs written question – answered on 15th July 2008.

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Photo of James Paice James Paice Shadow Minister (Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)

To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how much his Department spent on wildlife management and conservation in each of the last five years, broken down by main budget heading.

Photo of Joan Ruddock Joan Ruddock Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs) (Climate Change, Biodiversity and Waste)

Expenditure on UK Biodiversity forms one of the suite of indicators which DEFRA publishes on behalf of the UK Biodiversity Partnership in 'Biodiversity Indicators in your pocket'. Available information based on that underpinning the indicator is provided in the following table. The figures represent programme spend only and do not capture staff costs in non-departmental public bodies funded by the Department through grant-in-aid. Staff in these organisations also contribute significantly to wildlife management and conservation through their various activities, including for example, provision of advice. Furthermore, a number of other programmes have also contributed approximately £10 million per annum to the total budget.

DEFRA's expenditure on biodiversity has approximately doubled in real terms over the last five years. The majority of this comes from agri-environment expenditure. £3.9 billion of agri-environment funding has been secured for England for the period 2007-13, much of which will be targeted at biodiversity. Other contributions also arise from other organisations such as the Royal Botanical Gardens—Kew, who for example, will receive £17.6 million in grant-in-aid this year.

Public sector expenditure on biodiversity schemes
current prices, £ million( 1)
2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08( p) 2008-09 (budget)( 2)
Agri-Environment Schemes(3)
ESA/CSS(4) 129.8 167.8 187.2 170.3 145.3 130.0
Environmental Stewardship 84.3 180.9 250.0
Darwin Initiative(5) 4.0 5.0 7.0 7.7 9.4 4.8
Environment Agency 4.0 6.1 10.8 11.9 7.6 (6)7.6
of which:
estimated expenditure in England(7) 3.4 5.2 9.2 10.1 6.5 (6)6.5
Forestry Commission England 14.4 14.7 17.7 22.8 28.1 n/a
Natural England(8) 57.2 55.5 57.3 54.1 51.7 (6)51.7
Joint Nature Conservation Committee(9) 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.8 2.1 (6)2.1
DEFRA family total (programme/grant spending)(10) 210.0 249.6 280.2 351.2 423.9 466.6
n/a = Data not yet available.

(1) The estimates cover DEFRA family non-administration expenditure related to biodiversity in England and globally.

(2) Where data are provided for 2007-08 and the 2008-09 budget was not available, the 2007-08 estimate has been carried forward.

(3) This represents total scheme expenditure, of which a major share is judged to be spent on biodiversity schemes.

(4) Environmentally sensitive areas and countryside stewardship schemes.

(5) Darwin initiative budget has been reduced in 2008-09 to balance overspend in 2007-08.

(6) Data are provisional or have been assumed to be carried forward.

(7) Based on DEFRA share of grant-in-aid expenditure on environmental protection.

(8) The Natural England contribution to JNCC has been excluded to avoid duplication.

(9) Expenditure shown is based on the income contribution from DEFRA and Natural England as a proportion of total income.

(10) See note 3. Note that Forestry Commission expenditure includes both grant aid to woodland owners and expenditure on the public forest estate.

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