asked Her Majesty's Government:
Which social security and state pension benefits are payable to home addresses or bank addresses outside the United Kingdom; and how much of each benefit is so paid.
The following benefits are payable outside the United Kingdom; state pension, widows benefit and bereavement benefit.
These are payable anywhere in the world, although they are only subject to annual increases in European economic area (EEA) member states and Switzerland, and countries with a reciprocal agreement (RA) with the UK that enables the increases to be paid; for example, the USA, Jamaica.
In other countries, the rate is frozen at either the rate on departure—customers already receiving benefit at the time of their departure to a frozen rate (FR) country—or award (customers already living in an FR country at the time of the award).
This is divided into IB short-term (IBST) (paid for the first 52 weeks) and IB long-term (paid from the 53rd week).
IB long-term and severe disablement allowance (SDA) are not exportable under UK national legislation unless persons abroad regulations, EC regulations (for EEA and Switzerland) or reciprocal agreement allowing for export applies.
The persons abroad regulations—benefit is not payable on permanent absences. It can be paid for up to 26 weeks in certain circumstances provided the absence is temporary.
The EC regulations (EEA/Switzerland)—benefit is fully exportable for the duration of the entitlement.
Reciprocal agreement (RA) countries—IBLT can be paid, subject to the particular agreement. SDA is not exportable under RAs.
These are not exportable under UK national legislation unless persons abroad regulations, EC regulations (for EEA and Switzerland) or reciprocal agreement allowing for export applies.
Persons abroad regulations—not payable on permanent absences. It can be paid for up to 26 weeks in certain circumstances provided the absence is temporary. It is not payable for incapacities beginning in the other country.
EC regulations (EEA/Switzerland)—for IB short-term and maternity allowance can be considered for incapacities beginning in another state if the UK is responsible for the claim.
EC regulations (EEA/Switzerland)—for IBST is exportable in certain circumstances for a period of 52 weeks (followed by IBLT at week 53), MA for 39 weeks.
Reciprocal agreement (RA) countries—can be considered for incapacities beginning in the other country, subject to the particular reciprocal agreement. Can be paid subject to the particular RA.
Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit (IIDB)
This may be exported and paid for any period during which a customer is absent from the UK, regardless of the country they are visiting or residing in.
Contributory Jobseekers Allowance
Customers who are getting contribution-based jobseekers allowance in the UK may be able to carry on getting it for up to three months while they look for work elsewhere in the EEA.
Winter Fuel Payments (WFP)
This is payable only to customers living in the EEA/Switzerland where entitlement arose before the customer left the UK.
These are all residence-based benefits. In general, a customer is required to be ordinarily resident and present in the UK, to have been present for at least 26 out of the previous 52 weeks and not be subject to immigration control. There are some exceptions under domestic law and, following the European Court of Justice judgment C-299/05, payment can be made under EC law to customers living in another EEA member state or Switzerland in certain circumstances.