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Employment

Work and Pensions written question – answered on 12th May 2008.

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Photo of James Clappison James Clappison Shadow Spokesperson (Work and Pensions)

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions pursuant to his statement of 16 January 2008, Official Report, column 944, that there was record employment under Labour, including record numbers of British jobs, how many (a) people and (b) working age people were in employment in each year since 1997; what the (i) employment rate and (ii) working age employment rate was of (A) the UK population, (B) UK citizens, (C) UK born citizens and (D) non-UK citizens in each year; what the figures were in each quarter since 1 January 2006; and if he will make a statement on Government targets for the employment rate in the UK.

Photo of Stephen Timms Stephen Timms Minister of State (Department for Work and Pensions) (Employment and Welfare Reform)

The information requested, as well as information on all those aged 16 and over in employment, is given in the following tables.

The Government's aim is to maximise employment opportunity for all, with a long-term aspiration of an employment rate of 80 per cent.

Table A : UK population
(i) Employment rate (percentage) (ii) WA employment (iii) 16+ employment
Q2 1997 72.90 25,700,000 26,500,000
Q2 1999 73.90 26,300,000 27,100,000
Q2 2001 74.50 26,900,000 27,700,000
Q2 2002 74.50 27,000,000 27,900,000
Q2 2003 74.80 27,300,000 28,200,000
Q2 2004 74.70 27,400,000 28,400,000
Q2 2005 74.70 27,700,000 28,700,000
Q1 2006 74.60 27,800,000 28,900,000
Q2 2006 74.60 27,800,000 29,000,000
Q3 2006 74.50 27,900,000 29,000,000
Q4 2006 74.50 27,900,000 29,100,000
Q1 2007 74.30 27,900,000 29,100,000
Q2 2007 74.40 27,900,000 29,200,000
Q3 2007 74.40 28,000,000 29,200,000
Q4 2007 74.70 28,100,000 29,400,000
Table B: UK Nationals
(i) Employment rate (percentage) (ii) WA employment (iii) 16+ employment
Q2 1997 73.2 24,600,000 25,400,000
Q2 1999 74.3 25,100,000 25,900,000
Q2 2001 75.0 25,500,000 26,200,000
Q2 2002 75.0 25,500,000 26,400,000
Q2 2003 75.3 25,600,000 26,500,000
Q2 2004 75.1 25,600,000 26,600,000
Q2 2005 75.2 25,600,000 26,600,000
Q1 2006 74.9 25,500,000 26,600,000
Q2 2006 74.8 25,400,000 26,500,000
Q3 2006 75.2 25,600,000 26,700,000
Q4 2006 75.0 25,400,000 26,600,000
Q1 2007 74.6 25,200,000 26,400,000
Q2 2007 74.8 25,200,000 26,400,000
Q3 2007 75.3 25,400,000 26,600,000
Q4 2007 75.5 25,400,000 26,700,000
Table C: UK Born
(i) Employment r ate (percentage) (ii) WA employment (iii) 16+ e mployment
Q2 1997 73.5 23,600,000 24,400,000
Q2 1999 74.6 24,100,000 24,800,000
Q2 2001 75.4 24,400,000 25,200,000
Q2 2002 75.3 24,400,000 25,200,000
Q2 2003 75.7 24,500,000 25,300,000
Q2 2004 75.5 24,500,000 25,400,000
Q2 2005 75.6 24,400,000 25,400,000
Q1 2006 75.3 24,300,000 25,300,000
Q2 2006 75.2 24,200,000 25,200,000
Q3 2006 75.7 24,300,000 25,400,000
Q4 2006 75.5 24,200,000 25,300,000
Q1 2007 75.0 24,000,000 25,100,000
Q2 2007 75.2 23,900,000 25,100,000
Q3 2007 75.6 24,100,000 25,200,000
Q4 2007 75.9 24,100,000 25,300,000
Table D: Foreign nationals
(i) Employment rate (percentage) (ii) WA employment (iii) 16+ Employment
Q2 1997 60.3 930,000 960,000
Q2 1999 60.0 980,000 1,000,000
Q2 2001 61.5 1,150,000 1,190,000
Q2 2002 62.0 1,230,000 1,270,000
Q2 2003 62.6 1,320,000 1,350,000
Q2 2004 64.8 1,430,000 1,460,000
Q2 2005 63.8 1,520,000 1,550,000
Q1 2006 66.9 1,690,000 1,720,000
Q2 2006 67.8 1,760,000 1,800,000
Q3 2006 68.9 1,830,000 1,870,000
Q4 2006 68.6 1,880,000 1,930,000
Q1 2007 66.7 1,900,000 1,940,000
Q2 2007 67.8 2,010,000 2,050,000
Q3 2007 68.4 2,020,000 2,060,000
Q4 2007 68.1 2,080,000 2,110,000
Notes:

1. Figures are rounded to the nearest 100,000 (in the case of foreign nationals to the nearest 10,000).

2. Tables B to D are not seasonally adjusted. This means direct comparisons between different quarters are not possible.

3. The figures in Table A are seasonally adjusted headline employment figures based on population estimates published in 2006.

4. In order to provide the more detailed breakdown that is required to answer the second part of the question in Tables B to D, it is necessary to use data that are based on population estimates made in 2003—these are the latest estimates available for use in respect of particular categories of the labour force such as migrants. The figures in Table A are based on population estimates published in 2006 and as such the figures presented in Tables B to D are not directly comparable to the figures in Table A. The totals for the UK population as a whole—Table A—will not be equal to the sum of the numbers shown for UK and foreign nationals—Tables B and D respectively. In May 2008, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) will be releasing re-weighted data based on 2007 population estimates, which will lead to some changes in the figures in the tables.

5. Tables B to D exclude individuals whose nationality is unknown.

6. As these figures are based on a sample survey they are also subject to sampling variability.

7. It should be noted that the nationality question in the LFS is an undercount because: it excludes those who have not been resident in the UK for six months; it excludes students in halls who do not have a UK resident parent; it excludes people in most other types of communal establishments (e.g. hotels, boarding houses, hostels, mobile home sites, etc); it is grossed to population estimates that only include migrants staying for twelve months or more.

Source:

Labour Force Survey (LFS).

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