Antisocial Behaviour: Essex

Justice written question – answered on 1st April 2008.

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Photo of Sir David Amess Sir David Amess Conservative, Southend West

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many (a) cautions and (b) fines were imposed for (i) vandalism, (ii) graffiti, (iii) litter and (iv) anti-social behaviour in each district and unitary council area in Essex in each of the last eight quarters for which records are available.

Photo of Maria Eagle Maria Eagle The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice

The number of persons given cautions, and those found guilty who were given fines for vandalism, graffiti, litter and antisocial behaviour in Essex for the years 2005 and 2006 can be viewed in tables 1 and 2.

Apart from criminal damage (which includes minor acts of vandalism and graffiti among other things) and littering, penalty notices for disorder (PNDs) can be issued for a range of offences that might be characterised as antisocial behaviour including behaviour likely to cause fear, alarm and distress (section 5 of the Public Order Act 1986). The total number of PNDs issued in Essex in 2005 and 2006 is 4,454 (for 2005) and 4,461 (in 2006) a breakdown of those issued by offence is provided in table 3.

Information held by the Ministry of Justice cannot identify the district or unitary council area these offences were committed in.

Court proceedings data for 2007 will be available in the autumn of 2008. Fixed Penalty Notices can be issued by local authorities for graffiti and littering offences. These data are collected annually by the Department for the Environment, Farming and Rural Affairs. There were no fixed penalty notices issued for graffiti offences in Essex between April 2005 and March 2007. Information on fixed penalty notices issued for littering offences in each local authority in Essex are contained in table 4.

Full data, including for other offences related to antisocial activity such as fly-posting and certain noise and waste-related offences, are published on-line at:

http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/localenv/legislation/fpn/index.htm

Number of offenders cautioned for antisocial behaviour offences for which a PND may be issued in Essex police force area, by Qtr , for the years 2005 and 2006( 1, 2, 3)
2005 2006
Statute Offence description Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4 Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4
Theft Act 1968 Sec 1 Stealing from shops and stalls (shoplifting(4)) 243 283 373 378 447 488 485 649
Various Other criminal damage(5) 1
Explosives Act 1875, Sec 80 Throwing, casting or throwing any fireworks in or into any highway, street, etc public place.
Public Order Act 1986 Sec 5. Harassment, alarm or distress. 33 56 50 52 70 78 8 11
Police Reform Act 2002 Sch.-4 Para. 5 (Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 S 12). Contravene a community support officers' requirement not to consume liquor. Penalty offence under S.I Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 -alcohol consumption in designated public places.
Criminal Justice Act 1967 Sec. 91. Any person who in any public place is guilty, while drunk, of disorderly behaviour. 5 1 3 1 2 4
Licensing (Occasional Permissions) Act 1983 Schedule (Sec 3) para 4(1). Licensing Act 1964 Sec 169(1). Holder or occasional permission of the agent knowingly selling to, knowingly allow consumption by or allowing any person to sell, intoxicating liquor to a person under 18. Selling etc intoxicating liquor to person under 18 for consumption on the premises.
Fire Services Act 1947 Sec 31. False alarms of fire.
Environmental Protection Act 1990 Sec. 87. Depositing litter. 1
British Transport Commission Act 1949 S.55,56. Railway Offences: Offences against Private Acts relating to Railways (other than 169,1-6). Trespass, throwing stones.
Criminal Law Act 1967 Sec 5(2). Causing wasteful employment of the police etc. 1 1 1 2 2 1
Communications Act 2003 S.127 Improper use of public electronic communications network 1 2
285 341 427 435 522 571 493 660
(1) Cautions data are provided on the principal offence basis, PND data are a count of PNDs issued. (2) Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used. (3) Table covers all PND offences as outlined in table 3, although where no cautions were issued for an offence figures have been omitted from the table. 4 A PND may be issued to an offenders an alternative to a caution or prosecution only where the value of the item stolen is less than £200. (5) Includes offences of vandalism and graffiti but is not exclusive to those offences. Source: Court proceedings database—Office for Criminal Justice Reform—Ministry of Justice.
Number of defendants found guilty at all courts for which a fine may be issued for antisocial behaviour offences in Essex police force area, by Qtr , for the years 2005 and 2006( 1, 2,)
2005 2006
Statute Offence description Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4 Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4
Theft Act 1968 Sec 1 Stealing from shops and stalls (shoplifting) 88 91 100 91 77 90 89 84
Various Other criminal damage(3)
Explosives Act 1875, Sec 80 Throwing, casting or throwing any fireworks in or into any highway, street, etc public place.
Public Order Act 1986 Sec 5. Harassment, alarm or distress. 77 73 85 61 70 77 84 88
Police Reform Act 2002 Sch.-4 Para. 5 (Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 S 12). Contravene a community support officers' requirement not to consume liquor. Penalty offence under S.I Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 -alcohol consumption in designated public places. 2 1 3 1 2
Criminal Justice Act 1967 Sec. 91. Any person who in any public place is guilty, while drunk, of disorderly behaviour. 33 28 28 42 44 49 60 39
Licensing (Occasional Permissions) Act 1983 Schedule (Sec 3) para 4(1). Licensing Act 1964 Sec 169(1). Holder or occasional permission of the agent knowingly selling to, knowingly allow consumption by or allowing any person to sell, intoxicating liquor to a person under 18. Selling etc intoxicating liquor to person under 18 for consumption on the premises. 2 1 1 3 6 2
Fire Services Act 1947 Sec 31. False alarms of fire.
Environmental Protection Act 1990 Sec. 87. Depositing litter. 7 3 4 2 1 4 2 4
British Transport Commission Act 1949 S.55,56. Railway Offences: Offences against Private Acts relating to Railways (other than 169,1-6). Trespass, throwing stones. 3 1 1 5 3 3
Criminal Law Act 1967 Sec 5(2). Causing wasteful employment of the police etc. 2
Communications Act 2003 S.127 Improper use of public electronic communications network 1 1 2 1
210 196 221 202 204 228 242 219
(1) These data are on the principal offence basis. (2) Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts, police forces, and other agencies. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used. (3 )Includes offences of vandalism and graffiti but is not exclusive to those offences. Source: Court proceedings database—Office for Criminal justice Reform, Ministry of Justice.
Number of penalty notices for disorder issued in Essex police force area, by offence and quarter, 2005 and 2006( 1,2)
2005 2006
Offence description Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4 Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4
Wasting police time 11 10 18 20 17 18 17 16
Misuse of public telecommunications system 4 1 3 7 4 7 8 7
Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority 2
Causing Harassment, alarm or distress 603 623 581 548 440 527 516 548
Throwing fireworks 3 1 2 9 2 4 12
Drunk and disorderly 129 116 144 245 240 246 192 193
Selling alcohol to under 18 (now DA18) 11 7 67 35 8 17 11 58
Purchasing alcohol for under 18 (now DA19) 1 1 4 2
Purchasing alcohol for under 18 for cons on premises, 1 1
Delivery of alcohol to person under 18 or allowing such delivery 2 11 1 2 2 1
Criminal Damage (under 500)(3) 101 115 105 84 88 73 92 105
Theft (retail under 200) 166 194 154 186 259 207 195 235
Breach of fireworks curfew 1 1
Possession of category 4 firework l
Possession by a person under 18 of adult firework 1 3
Sale of alcohol to drunken person
Supply of alcohol to person under 18
Trespass on a railway 21 7 7 1 3 4
Throwing stones at a train/railway 3 1
Drunk in a highway 6 13 14 5 12 8 9 5
Consumption of alcohol in public place 5 3 10 4 1
Depositing and leaving litter 9 15 5 4 6 12 8 6
Consumption of alcohol my under 18 on licensed premises 1 1 1
Buying or Attempting to buy alcohol for person under 18 1 1
Total 1,076 1,107 1, r!05 1,166 1,078 1,120 1,065 1,198
"—" = nil

(1) PND data are a count of PNDs issued.

(2 )Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

(3) Includes offences of vandalism and graffiti cut is not exclusive to those offences.

Source:

Court proceedings database—Office for Criminal Justice Reform—Ministry of Justice

Fixed penalty notices for littering
Local authority Fixed penalties issued Cases being prosecuted
Reporting period April 2005 to March 2006
Basildon DC 26 5
Braintree DC 77 4
Brentwood BC 0 0
Castle Point DC 0 0
Chelmsford BC 46 0
Colchester BC 21 3
Epping Forest DC 0 0
Harlow DC 80 3
Maldon DC 18 0
Rochford DC 0 0
Southend-on-Sea BC 169 46
Tendring DC 67 1
Thurrock BC 32 12
Uttlesford DC 0 0
Reporting period April 2006 to March 2007
Basildon DC 19 1
Braintree DC 35 0
Brentwood BC
Castle Point DC 7 0
Chelmsford BC 25 2
Colchester BC 105 9
Epping Forest DC
Harlow DC 98 0
Maldon DC 2 0
Rochford DC 0 0
Southend-on-Sea BC 82 0
Tendring DC 72 0
Thurrock BC 150 2
Uttlesford DC 0 0
Source:

DEFRA

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