South Africa has the highest burden of HIV and AIDS in the world. Over 5.5 million people are infected, and it is estimated that in 2007 over one sixth of the world's population with HIV live in South Africa. Recent data from antenatal clinics suggest a modest decline in prevalence rates: in 2006, 29 per cent. of all pregnant women had HIV, down from 30 per cent. in 2005. However, the UNAIDS Global update states that there is no evidence of a decrease in HIV among young South Africans.
Over the past year there has been renewed optimism that South Africa is beginning to scale up efforts to tackle HIV and AIDS. On
DFID has also directly supported India (£28.5 million, 2002-10), Bangladesh (up to £50 million, 2005-10), and Iraq (about £21 million since 2003) to upgrade their energy sectors. We have recently committed £20 million to help Sierra Leone (2008-13).
We spent approximately £1.75 million during the last five years on energy research to help developing countries address energy sector challenges and have committed a further £3.75 million (2007-12) to look at the contribution bio-energy can make to poverty reduction in Africa. We are planning to develop an additional research programme to look at energy policy options for developing countries as they consider what action is needed to tackle climate change.