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Animals: Diseases

Environment Food and Rural Affairs written question – answered on 31st January 2008.

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Photo of James Paice James Paice Shadow Minister (Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)

To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what notifiable animal disease outbreaks have occurred in each of the last 10 years; and what the estimated cost to (a) the British farming industry and (b) the public purse was of each.

Photo of Jonathan R Shaw Jonathan R Shaw Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Marine, Landscape and Rural Affairs) and Minister for the South East), Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

A list of notifiable disease outbreaks for the last 10 years (taken from previous Chief Veterinary Officer annual reports) is set out in the following table.

Disease
2007 Avian Influenza (Al)
Bluetongue
Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)
Contagious Equine Metritis Organism (CEMO)
Bat Rabies (European Bat Lyssavirus Type 2)
Tuberculosis (TB)
2006 Al
Newcastle Disease
Bat Rabies
Anthrax
CEMO
Equine Infectious Anaemia
Scrapie
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE)
TB
2005 Newcastle Disease
CEMO
Scrapie
BSE
Paramyxovirus (PMV) in Pigeons
TB
2004 Brucellosis
Scrapie
PMV in Pigeons
BSE
Equine Viral Arteritis
TB
2003 Scrapie
PMV in Pigeons
BSE
CEMO
Brucellosis
TB
2002 Scrapie
PMV in Pigeons
BSE
CEMO
Anthrax
TB
2001 Scrapie
PMV in Pigeons
BSE
Foot and Mouth Disease
TB
2000 Scrapie
PMV in Pigeons
BSE
Classical Swine Fever
TB
1999 PMV in Pigeons
BSE
Scrapie
TB
1998 PMV in Pigeons
BSE
Equine Viral Arteritis
Scrapie
TB

Information on the cost of all notifiable disease outbreaks is not available for each of the past 10 years. Available evidence suggests that by far the most costly exotic disease outbreak in this period was FMD in 2001, which was estimated to have cost Government £2.6 billion (in 2001 prices), leaving a further £355 million in uncompensated costs to agricultural producers.

DEFRA's current estimate of the economic cost to the UK livestock sector as a result of the 2007 FMD outbreak is over £100million. The estimated total cost to the Government of the outbreaks in 2007 is £47 million for FMD, £1.7 million on bluetongue and £5 million on Al (two outbreaks). The other values could only be provided at disproportionate cost to the Department.

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