Military Attaches

Defence written question – answered at on 21 January 2008.

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Photo of William Hague William Hague Shadow Secretary of State (Foreign Affairs)

To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many UK defence attachés and advisers there are (a) at each UK diplomatic post, (b) in each region of the world and (c) in total; what their responsibilities are; how many defence attaché posts have been (i) established and (ii) discontinued at each diplomatic post since 1997; and what effect the withdrawal of Foreign and Commonwealth Office funding for the defence attaché network has had on his Department's plans for its funding.

Photo of Bob Ainsworth Bob Ainsworth The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence

The following table shows resident attachés by country and by region. Other countries are covered on a non-resident basis.

Region/country Defence attaché/defence adviser Military attaché Naval attaché Air attaché Country total
Asia Pacific
Afghanistan 1 1
Australia 1 1 x MA/AA 2
Bangladesh 1 1
Brunei 1 1
China 1 1 1 x NA/AA 3
India(1) 1 1 x NA/AA 2
Indonesia 1 1
Japan 1 1
Korea 1 1 x NA/AA 2
Malaysia 1 1
Nepal 1 1 x AMA 2
New Zealand 1 1
Pakistan(2) 1 1 x NA/AA 2
Singapore 1 1
Sri Lanka 1 1
Thailand 1 1
Region total 23
Central Europe and Western Balkans
Albania 1 1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 1
Croatia 1 1
Czech Republic 1 1
Lithuania 1 1
Macedonia 1 1
Poland 1 1 x NA/MA 2
Serbia 1 1
Region total 9
Commonwealth of Independent States and the Black Sea
Bulgaria 1 1
Georgia 1 1
Kazakhstan 1 1
Romania 1 1
Russia(3) 1 2 2 1 6
Ukraine 1 1
Region total 11
Latin America and Caribbean
Argentina 1 1 2
Barbados 1 1
Brazil 1 1
Chile 1 1
Colombia 1 1
Guatemala 1 1
Jamaica 1 1
Region total 8
Mediterranean
Algeria 1 1
Cyprus 1 1
Greece 1 1 x NA/AA 2
Italy 1 1 x NA/AA 2
Morocco 1 1
Portugal 1 1
Spain 1 1 x Dep DA 2
Turkey 1 1 x NA/MA 2
Region total 12
Middle and Near East
Bahrain 1 1
Egypt 1 1
Iraq 1 1
Israel 1 1 x NA/AA 2
Jordan 1 1 2
Kuwait 1 1
Lebanon 1 1
Oman 1 1 x NA/AA 2
Qatar 1 1
Saudi Arabia 1 1 x NA/MA 2
Syria 1 1
United Arab Emirates 1 1
Yemen 1 1
Region total 17
North America and Western Europe
Austria 1 1 x Dep DA 2
Canada 1 1 x NA/AA 2
Denmark 1 1
Finland 1 1
France 1 1 1 3
Germany 1 1 1 x NA/AA 3
Netherlands 1 1
Norway 1 1
Sweden 1 1
United States of America 2 2 2 2 8
UK Mission to UN New York 2 2
Region total 25
Sub-Saharan Africa
Congo, Democratic Republic of (DRC) 1 1
Ethiopia 1 1
Ghana 1 1
Kenya 1 1
Nigeria 1 1
Sierra Leone 1 1
South Africa 1 1 x NA/AA 2
Sudan 1 1
Uganda 1 1
Zimbabwe 1 1
Region total 11
Total 116
(1) DA is supported by an Assistant DA. (2 )DA is supported by an Assistant DA. (3) DA is also the AA and is supported by an Assistant Air Attaché shown under the Air Attaché column above.

The role of defence attachés is to promote the Government's policies in the area of international security co-operation. The principal components of this policy are to strengthen international peace and stability by preventing conflicts, contributing to the transformation of the security structures of vulnerable states, assisting and building partnerships with those who may contribute to peace support operations and by reducing the risk of terrorism through greater co-operation and communication.

The following table details the changes to the MoD's attaché network by country since 1997.

Country 1997( 1) 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007( 2) 2008( 3)
Afghanistan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Albania 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1
Angola 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
Argentina 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Australia 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Austria(4) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
Bahrain 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Bangladesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
Belgium 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Barbados 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1
Brazil 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1
Brunei 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Bulgaria 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1
Canada 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Chile 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
China 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
Colombia 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Congo, Democratic Republic of (DRC) 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Croatia 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Cyprus 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Czech Republic 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1
Denmark 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Egypt 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1
Ethiopia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1
Finland 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
France 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
Georgia 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Germany 4 4 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3
Ghana 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Greece 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Guatemala 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Hungary 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0
India 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Indonesia 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1
Ireland 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
Israel 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Italy 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2
Jamaica 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Japan 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Jordan 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Kazakhstan 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Kenya 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Korea 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Kuwait 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Latvia 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
Lebanon 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Lithuania 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Macedonia 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Malaysia 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1
Mexico 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Morocco 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Nepal 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2
Netherlands 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
New Zealand 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Nigeria 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Norway 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Oman 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Pakistan 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Philippines 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
Poland 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Portugal 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Qatar 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Romania 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1
Russia 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
Saudi Arabia 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2
Serbia (formerly FRY) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Sierra Leone 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Singapore 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Slovakia 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 0
Slovenia 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
South Africa 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Spain 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Sri Lanka 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Sudan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
Sweden 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Switzerland 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
Syria 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Thailand 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Turkey 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Uganda 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Ukraine 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1
United Arab Emirates 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
United States of America 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
UK Mission to UN New York 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Uzbekistan 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
Venezuela 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
Yemen 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
Zimbabwe 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Totals 116 117 125 122 128 127 129 125 128 124 119 116
(1 )Based on available records from 1996. No changes are shown in available records from 1997. (2 )Includes changes from the third quarter of 07. (3 )Correct figures as at 16 January 2008. (4 )Vienna is now also used as a base for a co-located DA covering Switzerland, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia.

The MOD will continue to maintain a Defence Attaché network that is effective and relevant to our international interests.

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