Seas and Oceans: Environment Protection

Environment Food and Rural Affairs written question – answered on 5th December 2007.

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Photo of Bill Wiggin Bill Wiggin Shadow Minister (Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)

To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs which sites he has designated marine protection areas; and if he will make a statement.

Photo of Jonathan R Shaw Jonathan R Shaw Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Marine, Landscape and Rural Affairs) and Minister for the South East), Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

A range of current legislative measures provide protection to important marine species and habitats at key sites. We currently have 151 marine protected areas in UK inshore waters (within 12 nautical miles), which include:

72 special protections areas with marine habitats for birds;

76 special areas of conservation with marine habitats or species, and three statutory marine nature reserves.

The following list provides the names of these sites.

Special protection areas with marine components in UK waters

Aide-Ore Estuary

Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay

Belfast Lough

Benacre to Easton Bavents

Benfleet and Southend Marshes

Blackwater Estuary (Mid-Essex Coast Phase 4)

Breydon Water

Bridgend Flats, Islay

Burry Inlet

Carlingford Lough

Chesil Beach and The Fleet

Chichester and Langstone Harbours

Colne Estuary (Mid-Essex Coast Phase 2)

Coquet Island

Cromarty Firth

Crouch and Roach Estuaries (Mid-Essex Coast Phase 3)

Deben Estuary

Dengie (Mid-Essex Coast Phase 1)

Dornoch Firth and Loch Fleet

Duddon Estuary

Dungeness to Pett Level

Dyfi Estuary/Aber Dyfi

East Sanday Coast

Exe Estuary

Firth of Tay and Eden Estuary

Foulness (Mid-Essex Coast Phase 5)

Gibraltar Point

Glannau Aberdaron and Ynys Enlli/Aberdaron Coast and Bardsey Island

Glas Eileanan

Gruinart Flats, Islay

Hamford Water

Humber Estuary

Inner Clyde Estuary

Inner Moray Firth

Killough Bay

Laggan, Islay

Larne Lough


Loch of Inch and Torrs Warren

Lough Foyle

Medway Estuary and Marshes

Mersey Estuary


Montrose Basin

Moray and Nairn Coast

Morecambe Bay

North Norfolk Coast

North Uist Machair and Islands

Outer Ards

Pagham Harbour

Poole Harbour

Portsmouth Harbour

Ramsey and St. David's Peninsula Coast

Rathlin Island

Ribble and Alt Estuaries

Severn Estuary

Solent and Southampton Water

South Uist Machair and Lochs

Stour and Orwell Estuaries

Strangford Lough

Tamar Estuaries Complex

Thames Estuary and Marshes

Thanet Coast and Sandwich Bay

The Dee Estuary

The Swale

The Wash

Traeth Lafan/Lavan Sands, Conway Bay

Upper Solway flats and Marshes

Ynys Feurig, Cemlyn Bay and The Skerries

Ythan Estuary, Sands of Forvie and Meikle Loch

Special areas of conservation with marine components in UK waters

Aide, Ore and Butley Estuaries

Ascrib, Isay and Dunvegan

Bae Cemlyn/Cemlyn Bay

Bann Estuary

Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast

Braunton Burrows

Cardigan Bay/Bae Ceredigion

Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/Bae Caerfyrddin ac


Chesil and the Fleet

Culbin Bar

Dee Estuary/Aber Dyfrdwy

Dornoch Firth and Morrich More

Drigg Coast


Eileanan agus Sgeiran Lios mór

Essex Estuaries

Fal and Helford

Faray and Holm of Faray

Firth of Lorn

Firth of Tay and Eden Estuary

Flamborough Head

Glannau Môn: Cors heli/Angelsey Coast: Saltmarsh

Humber Estuary

Isle of May

Isle of Portland to Studland Cliffs

Isles of Scilly Complex


Limestone Coast of South West Wales/Arfordir

Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru

Loch Creran

Loch Moidart and Loch Shiel Woods

Loch nam Madadh

Loch of Stenness

Loch Roag Lagoons

Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs

Luce Bay and Sands


Mòine Mhór

Minsmere to Walberswick Heaths and Marshes

Monach Islands

Moray Firth

Morecambe Bay



North Antrim Coast

North Norfolk Coast

North Rona

North Uist Machair

Obain Loch Euphoirt

Orfordness—Shingle Street

Papa Stour

Pembrokeshire Marine/Sir Benfro Forol

Pen Llyn a'r Sarnau/Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau

Plymouth Sound and Estuaries

Rathlin Island


Severn Estuary/Môr Hafren

Sidmouth to West Bay

Solent and Isle of Wight Lagoons

Solent Maritime

Solway Firth

Sound of Arisaig (Loch Ailort to Loch Ceann Traigh)

South Uist Machair

South Wight Maritime

South-East Islay Skerries

St. Kilda

Strangford Lough

Sullom Voe


Thanet Coast

The Vadills

The Wash and North Norfolk Coast

Treshnish Isles

Tweed Estuary

Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conway Bay

Yell Sound Coast

Marine nature reserves in UK waters



Strangford Loch

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