Prisons: Costs

Justice written question – answered on 27th June 2007.

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Photo of Simon Hughes Simon Hughes Shadow Attorney General, Party Chair, Liberal Democrats

To ask the Minister of State, Ministry of Justice what the average annual cost of a prison place is in (a) each prison establishment, (b) privately-run prisons and (c) publicly-run prisons.

Photo of Gerry Sutcliffe Gerry Sutcliffe The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice

The figures provided are for 2005-06 and are taken from HM Prison Service Annual Report and the Office of Contracted Prisons Annual Report.

(a) The establishment costs per place are listed as shown.

(b) The average cost per place of the private prisons is £33,722

(c) The average cost per place of the public prisons is £28,486.

The costs quoted for privately-run and public prisons are not directly comparable, because of different financing structures and differences in services funded by other Government Departments. The public prisons' costs quoted are the direct costs of each establishment and exclude Prison Service headquarters, depreciation and cost of capital charge on land and buildings, major maintenance and rates. The private prison costs are the direct cost of each establishment, including controllers and exclude depreciation, cost of capital charge/credit, repayment of capital, and rates.

There are also a number of factors which affect the costs of prisons and so comparisons must be made with caution. These factors include: the size of prison, its age, its design, the occupancy level, the prison security level, the type of prisoner and the activities carried on in the prison.

Public prisons costs per place
Establishment Cost (£)
Male category B prisons (8)
Albany 23,190
Garth 26,284
Gartree 23,477
Grendon 27,591
High Down 26,670
Kingston 31,359
Parkhurst 33,961
Swaleside 21,111
Average 25,881
Male category C prisons (36)
Acklington 17,490
Ashwell 20,525
Blundeston 27,654
Buckley Hall(1) 25,329
Camp Hill 24,562
Canterbury 36,772
Channings Wood 22,302
Coldingley 25,212
Dartmoor 26,656
Edmunds Hill(1) 25,149
Erlestoke 21,705
Everthorpe 21,759
Featherstone 23,335
Guys Marsh 20,975
Haverigg 21,574
Highpoint 18,453
Lancaster 42,683
Lindholme 26,039
Littlehey 19,532
Maidstone 21,193
Moorland 21,423
Mount 21,563
Onley 25,073
Ranby 23,657
Risley 19,289
Shepton Mallet 34,444
Stafford 20,206
Stocken 21,090
Usk\Prescoed 28,476
Verne 19,439
Wayland 18,563
Wealstun 19,056
Wellingborough 22,181
Whatton 29,030
Wymott 21,904
Average 21,976
Male dispersal prisons (5)
Frankland 47,401
Full Sutton 46,086
Long Lartin 37,445
Wakefield 33,653
Whitemoor 59,355
Average 43,904
Female closed prisons (5)
Bullwood Hall 43,706
CookhamWood 49,716
Downview 28,792
Foston Hall 32,168
Send 30,634
Average 34,617
Female local prisons (6)
Brockhill 38,657
Eastwood Park 34,519
Holloway 42,608
Low Newton 29,912
New Hall 41,800
Styal 34,387
Average 37,366
Female open prisons (2)
Askham Grange 23,290
East Sutton Park 24,965
Average 23,932
Male closed YOI prisons (14)
Aylesbury 32,660
Brinsford 35,984
Castington 35,085
Deerbolt 26,522
Feltham 45,201
Glen Parva 32,604
Hindley 30,980
Lancaster 33,993
Northallerton 40,030
Portland 24,201
Reading 48,405
Rochester 24,409
Stoke Heath 33,277
Swinfen Hall 26,027
Average 32,887
Male juvenile prisons (4)
Huntercombe 42,384
Warren 47,015
Werrington 48,195
Wetherby 36,423
Average 42,143
Male local prisons (32)
Bedford 34,422
Belmarsh 48,079
Birmingham 27,217
Blakenhurst 23,322
Bristol 42,727
Brixton 37,037
Bullingdon 27,912
Cardiff 33,187
Chelmsford 36,147
Dorchester 47,675
Durham 37,663
Elmley 23,749
Exeter 41,661
Gloucester 38,037
Holme House 25,016
Hull 27,034
Leeds 32,593
Leicester 52,770
Lewes 25,684
Lincoln 31,354
Liverpool 25,173
Manchester 34,518
Norwich 28,692
Nottingham 32,764
Pentonville 28,757
Preston 39,695
Shrewsbury 46,870
Swansea 42,626
Wandsworth 28,054
Winchester 36,029
Woodhill 43,313
Wormwood Scrubs 24,512
Average 31,912
Male open prisons (8)
Ford 14,077
Hewell Grange 24,769
Hollesley Bay 23,801
Kirkham 24,346
Leyhill 22,497
North Sea Camp 19,143
Standford Hill 20,112
Sudbury 16,641
Average 20,183
Male open YOI prisons (1)
Thorn Cross 27,413
Average 27,413
Semi open prisons (7)
Blantyre House 23,298
Dover 29,316
Drake Hall 25,559
Haslar 29,742
Kirklevington 19,050
Latchmere House 15,444
Morton Hall 21,796
Average 23,571
Privately run prisons costs per place
Establishment Occupancy Cost (£)
Altcourse Male local 51,763
Ashfield Male juvenile 48,669
Bronzefield Female closed 44,490
Doncaster Male local 26,417
Dovegate Male category B 29,043
Forest Bank Male local 28,420
Lowdham Grange Male category B 25,981
Parc Male local 39,976
Rye Hill Male category B 24,538
Wolds Male category C 20,855
(1) Costs related to re-role from female to male establishments.

Notes:

1. The prison place numbers used in calculating the costs per place are the Certified Normal Accommodation data. Certified Normal Accommodation (CNA), or uncrowded capacity, is the Prison Service's own measure of accommodation. CNA represents the good, decent standard of accommodation that the Service aspires to provide all prisoners.

2. Establishments are categorised in these tables by their main role only. For this reason, performance of prisons within a category cannot necessarily be compared on a like for like basis.

3. Peterborough prison is not included as it was being brought into operation during 2005-06.

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