asked Her Majesty's Government:
What is their estimate of the extent to which current rates of world deforestation will produce greenhouse gas effect above the long-term ceilings for global warning set out in the Kyoto protocol, expressed in gigatons of supplementary carbon emission.
According to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, deforestation is responsible for the emission of about 5.9 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) each year, which represents about 18 per cent of global anthropogenic CO2 emissions. These data highlight the importance of reducing deforestation as part of the global effort to combat climate change.
Developing countries can help to tackle climate change by hosting clean development mechanism projects. Unfortunately, the current scope of the Kyoto Protocol does not allow accreditation of projects that seek to avoid deforestation because of the risk that the deforestation would simply be displaced rather than prevented. However, the UK is working through international negotiations to find a solution that would allow the crediting of projects that aim to avoid deforestation.