Research: Capital Investment

Trade and Industry written question – answered on 27th March 2007.

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Photo of Keith Vaz Keith Vaz Labour, Leicester East

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what the net balance of research and development investment is in (a) each UK region, (b) the United Kingdom and (c) the European Union.

Photo of Malcolm Wicks Malcolm Wicks Minister of State (Science and Innovation), Department of Trade and Industry

Information on the net balance of research and development investments is not available.

The OECD has for many years provided the most reliable and consistent international analyses of R&D expenditures, under the guidance of the Frascati Manual which sets out how to describe and measure R&D activities. In line with the Frascati Manual, the UK national statistics on R&D are at gross level.

The following table shows the latest available R&D statistics at regional level. Private non-for-profit expenditure on R&D (PNPERD) is not available at regional level. In 2004, PNPERD accounted for 3 per cent. of the UK gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD).

Estimated regional breakdown of expenditure on Intramural R&D in the business, government and higher education sectors, 2003
£ million
R&D performed within business (BERD) R&D performed within government establishments (GOVERD)( 1) R&D performed within higher education institutions (HERD)
UK 12,677 2,031 4,454
North East 152 2 158
North West 1,545 54 363
Yorkshire 345 135 347
East Midlands 868 23 223
West Midlands 809 38 228
Eastern England 2,936 339 411
London 709 281 1,069
South East 3,252 590 613
South West 1,229 234 192
England 11,845 1,696 3,604
Wales 207 44 175
Scotland 508 274 575
Northern Ireland 116 17 100
(1) Figures include estimates for those areas of central Government not available from the Government survey and local authorities. Note : 1. Information on GERD at the UK level for 2005 was released by the Office of National Statistics (ONS) on 23 March. GERD amounted to £21,764 million in 2005. 2. For international comparisons, because of movements in exchange rates, it is more meaningful to express R&D as a percentage of GDP. The latest figures for 2005 were 1.8 per cent. both for the EU25 (OECD data) and 1.8 per cent. for the UK (ONS). Source: ONS.

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