Although the funding of community sport and cultural activities is primarily the concern of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport, youth work providers do use sport and cultural activities in the process of working with young people—sometimes utilising funding issued by the DfES.
The main DfES programme working in this way has been the Positive Activities for Young People programme (PAYP). Between April 2003 and March 2006 PAYP engaged 290,000 young people (85 per cent. of whom were classified as being 'at risk') in constructive leisure time activities. 47 per cent. of the activities were sport or arts based. The evaluation of PAYP found that the programme had achieved a range of positive outcomes for participating young people, including contributing to reductions in criminal and antisocial behaviour, supporting people back into education, and offering opportunities for personal development.