Pathways to Work

Work and Pensions written question – answered on 27th March 2007.

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Photo of David Laws David Laws Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions how many people have passed through Pathways to Work programmes in each year since their inception, broken down by (a) area and (b) whether the participants had a physical or mental disability; and what proportion obtained work in each case.

Photo of Jim Murphy Jim Murphy Minister of State (Department for Work and Pensions) (Work)

The available information is in the tables.

Note that the figures for those entering work are for those recorded as doing so on Jobcentre Plus systems and will understate true work outcomes.

Jobs measured by the Job Entry Target (JET) up to March 2006 are for the most part job opportunities that customers have been submitted to by JCP staff and that JCP staff have followed up to confirm the job entry, or jobs from NDDP brokers. Not all jobs obtained by people who have made an IB claim in a Pathways to Work area will be obtained in this manner as they would also be looking at newspaper ads, employment agencies, the internet, word of mouth, etc.

Since April 2006 jobs have been measured via the Job Outcome Target (JOT). This is based on HMRC income tax payment records it not a complete measure of all job entries for a number of reasons. For example; a large proportion of part-time/lower paid jobs will not be reported as they are below the tax threshold.

Numbers starting pathways to work in each district
District October 2003 to March 2004 April 2004 to March 2005 April 2005 to March 2006
Derbyshire 6,500 14,440 14,970
Renfrewshire, Inverclyde, Argyll and Bute 4,590 8,800 10,010
Bridgend, Rhondda, Cynon and Taf 4,720 10,200 11,180
Lancashire East 10,990 12,460
Somerset 6,780 7,000
Gateshead and South Tyneside 9,130 9,860
Essex 20,060 20,490
Cumbria 3,640
Glasgow 16,090
Lancashire West 5,010
Tees Valley 3,770
Barnsley, Doncaster and Rotherham
City of Sunderland
County Durham
Lanarkshire and East Dumbartonshire
Liverpool and the Wirral
Greater Manchester Central
Swansea Bay and West Wales
Proportions entering work from pathways in each district( 1)
District October 2003 to March 2004 all jobs( 2) April 2004 to March 2005 all jobs
Derbyshire 17 16
Renfrewshire, Inverclyde, Argyll and Bute 24 22
Bridgend, Rhondda, Cynon and Taf 23 21
Lancashire East 19
Somerset 19
Gateshead and South Tyneside 17
Essex 11
Numbers starting pathways to work by type of disability
Disability October 2003 to March 2004 April 2004 to March 2005 April 2005 to March 2006
Mental Health Condition 4,560 21,720 33,090
Physical Disability 6,570 33,820 46,130
Not known/not yet diagnosed 4,760 25,200 35,540
Proportions entering work from pathways by type of disability( 1)
Disability October 2003 to March 2004 all jobs( 2) April 2004 to March 2005 all jobs
Mental Health Condition 23 19
Physical Disability 19 16
Not known/not yet diagnosed 21 17
(1) The proportions entering work for this period are based on new claimants only, excluding the small number of existing customers brought in during this period.

(2) Jobs recorded in Jobcentre Plus systems—the true proportion entering work will be higher than this.


1. Figures have been rounded to the nearest 10. A value of '-' indicates a nil or negligible value. A value of '.' indicates that the value has not been calculated.

2. As pathways began in October 2003, the first year covers approximately six months. The second and third years, based on an operational year, run from April until March. The last year covers approximately three months, until the last recorded data in June 2006.

3. Data for starts on pathways are to end of June 2006. Data for job entries are to end of March 2006. No more recent data are available for job entries because the previous job entry measure was terminated in March 2006, and the new job outcomes target data which replaced it have an approximate six month reporting lag, so that April 2006 data are not yet available. Because of the time it takes for pathways participants to find work, the latest cohort of entrants for whom it is possible to give a meaningful figure for proportion entering work is those starting in September 2005. Even then, this figure is potentially misleading if compared with earlier cohorts, as many find work more than six months after joining. To give a more useful comparison over time, the proportion finding jobs within six months is also given.

4. Additionally, this understates total job entries since it only counts those recorded in Jobcentre Plus systems. Survey data from the independent evaluation suggest for example that 42 per cent. of pathways participants had done at least some paid work in the 10 months after starting..

5. Job entry figures include all recorded job entries plus return to work credit (RTWC) awards for which no job entry is yet recorded. (By definition, an RTWC award must indicate that a job entry has occurred). Figures for job entries include new deal for disabled people (NDDP) job starts.

6. Data for physical disability are based on those participants for whom a medical condition is recorded, but whose condition is not classified as a mental health condition.

7. The data on medical condition for Pathways to Work participants are incomplete. This is because they are drawn from incapacity benefit data that appear in the National Benefits Database (NBD). This impacts on the completeness of pathways medical condition data in two ways; (1) NBD lags behind other Pathways Evaluation Database sources by some three to four months, and (2) The NBD incapacity benefit data are based on a six-weekly snapshot, which means that some short-term claims of less than six weeks are not included.


Pathways to Work Evaluation Database

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