Cancer

Treasury written question – answered on 16th October 2006.

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Photo of Chris Ruane Chris Ruane PPS (Rt Hon Peter Hain, Secretary of State), Wales Office

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what the cancer mortality rates were in each of the last 30 years.

Photo of John Healey John Healey The Financial Secretary to the Treasury

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 16 October 2006:

As National Statistician I have been asked to reply to your recent Parliamentary Question asking what the cancer mortality rates were in each of the last 30 years. (93938)

The most recent year for which figures are available is 2004. The attached table shows the age-standardised death rate from cancer in England and Wales for the years 1975 to 2004.

Death rates( 1) from cancer( 2) , England and Wales, 1975 to 2004( 3)
Death rate per 100,000 population
1975 214
1976 218
1977 215
1978 217
1979 218
1980 217
1981 216
1982 215
1983 218
1984 224
1985 224
1986 221
1987 221
1988 223
1989 222
1990 219
1991 218
1992 217
1993 211
1994 208
1995 205
1996 201
1997 196
1998 196
1999 191
2000 187
2001 188
2002 187
2003 184
2004 180
(1) Rate per 100,000 population standardised to the European Standard Population. (2) Selected using the International Classification of Diseases, Eighth Revision (ICD-8) codes 140-207 for the years 1975 to 1978, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes 140-208 for the years 1979 to 2000, and Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes C00-C97 for 2001 onwards. Between 1984 and 1992 a different interpretation of ICD-9 selection Rule 3 was used to code underlying cause of death in England and Wales to that used internationally. This change means that comparisons between this period and years before and after, should be interpreted with caution. The impact of the change on mortality statistics was analysed and reported in annual mortality publications in 1984 and 1994. * The introduction of ICD-l0 for coding cause of death in 2001 also means that figures are not completely comparable with data for years before this date. Comparisons between the data before and after 2001 should therefore also be interpreted with caution. An article specifically examining the effect of the change in classification for cancer trends was published in Health Statistics Quarterly 23. ** More information about these changes can be found on the National Statistics website at www.statistics.gov.uk/icdl0mortality. (3) Figures are for registrations of death in each calendar year from 1975 to 1992 and for occurrences of death in each calendar year from 1993 onwards. * Mortality statistics: Cause 1984. DH2 No.l1, pg viii-ix. Mortality statistics: Cause 1993 (revised) and 1994. DH2 No.21, pg xxv-xxxiii. ** Brock A, Griffiths C, Rooney C (2004) The effect of the introduction of ICD-10 on cancer mortality trends in England and Wales. Health Statistics Quarterly 23, 7-17.

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