Schools and local authorities employ a range of measures to support such pupils. These include pastoral support programmes, learning mentors and behaviour support workers in schools, managed moves to another school where appropriate, learning support units in schools and parenting orders or contracts where there is evidence of poor parenting.
Many schools are working together in partnerships, with funding devolved from local authorities, to improve behaviour and tackle persistent truancy. We expect all secondary schools to be working together in this way by September 2007 and evidence from existing partnerships shows that they have made significant reductions in the need to exclude pupils.
The Every Child Matters and Youth Matters reform programmes are refocusing children and young people's services to deliver early intervention and prevention of social exclusion, antisocial behaviour and other entrenched problems. We are putting in place more positive things to do and better places to go for young people in the community, improving the support available to parents and reforming targeted youth support for vulnerable teenagers.