Hospital-Acquired Infections

Health written question – answered on 7th April 2005.

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Photo of Andrew Lansley Andrew Lansley Shadow Secretary of State for Health

To ask the Secretary of State for Health what the rate of surgical site infection was in each quarter since October 1997, broken down by category of surgical procedure.

Photo of Miss Melanie Johnson Miss Melanie Johnson Parliamentary Under-Secretary, Department of Health

Cumulative data from the Health Protection Agency's (HPA) voluntary reporting scheme for surgical site infection are published annually. The following table covers the period October 1997 to December 2003.

Rate of surgical site infection (SSI) by category of surgical procedure: October 1997 to December 2003
Surgical procedure Rate of SSI 95 per cent. confidence limit lower-upper
Abdominal hysterectomy 2.0 1.8–2.3
Bile duct, liver, or pancreatic surgery 11.3 7.1–17.1
Cholecystectomy 4.1 1.3–9.5
Coronary artery bypass graft 4.3 4.0–4.6
Gastric surgery 9.9 7.0–13.7
Total hip replacement 2.2 2.1–2.4
Hip hemiarthroplasty 4.9 4.6–5.3
Knee prosthesis 1.4 1.3–1.5
Large bowel surgery 9.3 8.8–9.9
Limb amputation 14.9 13.3–16.8
Open reduction of fracture 3.8 3.3–4.3
Small bowel surgery 10.1 8.5–11.9
Vascular surgery 6.7 6.1–7.4

Source:

HPA Communicable Disease Report (CDR) Weekly 2004, volume 14, 21, 20 May

The mandatory reporting scheme for orthopaedic surgical site infections was introduced in April 2004 and the first year's data will be published later this year.

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