Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs written question – answered on 24th February 2005.

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Photo of Angus Robertson Angus Robertson Shadow SNP Spokesperson (Defence), Shadow SNP Spokesperson (Foreign and Commonwealth Office)

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what estimate his Department has made of the total value in (a) monetary terms and (b) as a percentage of the country's total gross domestic product of (i) opium and heroin production in and (ii) opium and heroin exports from Afghanistan in each financial year since 2001–02; and if he will make a statement.

Photo of Bill Rammell Bill Rammell Parliamentary Under-Secretary, Foreign & Commonwealth Office

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) conducts an annual survey into the level of opium poppy cultivation and production in Afghanistan. Full details can be found on their website

UNODC assesses that opium production and farm gate value of opiates in Afghanistan since 1999 is:

Production (tonnes) Farm gate value (US$)
1999 4,600 183 million
2000 3,300 91 million
2001 185 56 million
2002 3,400 1.2 billion
2003 3,600 1.02 billion
2004 4,200 0.6 billion

Since 2003 UNODC have also looked to assess the value of opiate exports from Afghanistan:

Total export value of opiates (US$ billion) Percentage of

licit GDP

2003 2.3 50
2004 2.8 60

The UK, as lead nation, is committed to supporting the Afghan Government in the implementation of their comprehensive National Drug Control Strategy. I refer the hon. Member to the written statement I made on Afghanistan: Counter Narcotics on 29 November 2004, Hansard, columns 17–18WS.

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