The following table provides the total education funding for 1997–98 to 2004–05. There have been changes to the structure of Standard Spending Assessments and their successor from 2003–04, Education Formula Spending, which make them incomparable over time: for example, several large transfers from SSA/EFS to grant funding. Only total funding per pupil (including SSA/EFS and grants) is comparable between years. Also, for 2003–04 and 2004–05, pension transfers to EFS and the Learning and Skills Council are excluded from EFS and total funding figures to enable comparison between years.
(18) Grants are all revenue grants in DfES Departmental Expenditure Limits relevant to EPS pupils aged three to 19. Education Maintenance Allowance's (EMAs) and grants not allocated at LEA level are excluded.
Real terms figures based on GDP deflators as at