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Terrorism and International Terrorism: Definitions

House of Lords written question – answered on 13th May 2002.

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Photo of Lord Laird Lord Laird Crossbench

asked Her Majesty's Government:

Whether they will define what they understand by (i) terrorism; and (ii) international terrorism; whether their policy is the same in both cases; and what is that policy.

Photo of Lord Rooker Lord Rooker Minister of State (Asylum and Immigration), Home Office, Minister (Home Office) (Asylum & Immigration)

The Terrorism Act 2000 defines "terrorism" as the use or threat, for the purpose of advancing a political, religious or ideological cause, of action which involves serious violence against a person or serious damage to property, endangers a person's life, creates a serious risk to the health or safety of the public or a section of the public, or is designed seriously to interfere with or seriously disrupt an electronic system.

The Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 defines an "international terrorist" as a person who is or has been concerned in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of international terrorism, is a member of an international terrorist group or has links with an international terrorist group—where terrorism has the same definition as set out in the Terrorism Act 2000.

The Government are completely opposed to all forms of terrorism, from whatever quarter, and will take firm action to combat it under the powers provided by Parliament.

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