My Lords, I thank the noble Lord, Lord Ezra, for putting forward this amendment, which we debated at great length in Committee. I do not want to cover all of the ground that various noble Lords have touched on today. However, I would like to pose some questions. This afternoon I hope that we can persuade the Government to take a step further in their view on this amendment. Even if they are not willing to accept it, perhaps they may give us some encouraging words and return to the issue at Third Reading. I hope that adding my voice to this amendment will have that effect.
When this was debated in Grand Committee, the noble Lord, Lord Whitty, said that he had great sympathy for the arguments put forward. Later on, when talking about climate change objectives, he said:
"Biofuels is clearly one of the few options in the short-to-medium term whereby transport could make such a contribution. It could also have some benefit, although relatively marginal, to air quality, as my noble friend Lord Carter said, and to agriculture and the rural economy".—[Official Report, 12/2/04; col. GC 541.]
I would like to add my voice to the hopes experienced by the various people within the agricultural community. The noble Lord will not have been surprised at some of the headlines when the Budget was announced and there was nothing in it on this matter. Everyone was hoping to see headlines on
"Fuel fury from farming leaders".
The farming community had very much expected something from the Budget. The publication stated:
The vice-president of the NFU, Meurig Raymond, went on to say:
"Today's budget leaves the fledgling biofuel industry in limbo . . . At a time of increasing public concern towards the environment and energy supply, the Chancellor's views on biofuels can only be seen as short sighted".
I hope that the Government have taken those matters on board.
I do not wish to repeat what everybody else has said, but I shall refer to the debate that my honourable friend Michael Jack introduced—I think that it was on
"However, it is worth noting that in January this year, the UK trade in oil was at a deficit of £37 million for the first time for more than 12 years, and that a deficit has been recorded showing a decline of £416 million from the previous month"— those are big figures—
"So the situation is changing. That underlines the point that biofuels offer a strategic, if not immediately cheaper, alternative. That is another strong reason for their serious consideration".
"Several Members have pointed out that biofuels give the Government an opportunity to reduce carbon emissions by offering a closed carbon cycle. According to British Sugar"—
I am sorry that my noble friend Lord MacGregor is not in his place today, because I know that he would have spoken to this amendment—
"a saving of up to 70 per cent. can be achieved through the use of biofuels".—[Official Report, Commons, 11/3/04; col. 1742.]
I accept the interesting point raised by my noble friend Lord Dixon-Smith that, even if it happens, it would be only a small proportion. I do not think that any noble Lords present say that it will solve all our crises, but I come from an era in which we want to have eggs in many baskets. The figures that I have just cited explain why I think that this is probably one of them.
In his winding-up speech, the Minister Mr Morley recognised the weight of support for the Commons debate but added:
"A number of Cabinet Sub-Committees deal with energy policy and consider the issue of biofuels and the implementation of the energy White Paper, including this issue . . . We recognise that the biofuels directive can have an effect, although the targets are indicative—it should not be assumed that they are currently the Government's targets. Consultation will take place".
Again, we in this Chamber get slightly frustrated in this regard. Not one department but several must deal with the matter; and consultation will happen but we do not know when. One thing about which we can be certain is when the Bill will have cleared this House. The Minister went on to say that,
"although we could not support the form of the amendment tabled in the other place, the Government are not opposed in principle to some form of biofuels obligation for road transport . . . We will consider that as part of the process of consulting on the implementation of the biofuels directive. When that consultation is made public"— and I challenge the Minister as to when that is—
"therefore, it will include the issue of an obligation, which will be welcomed by many Members".—[Official Report, Commons, 11/3/04; col. 1746.]
That is where we are at the moment; again we are in this very unsatisfactory position, as we have been without this Bill going through the House. On certain aspects we are waiting for consultations to happen. We are being asked to legislate for something, yet we do not know the outcome of the consultation. Other noble Lords have said it; I shall not repeat it. I accept that the amendment would be only a small part, but from the point of view of farmers, the agricultural industry and others who are looking forward to using different technologies, if the Government do not respond more positively, this will be a wasted opportunity.