During the BCU restructuring process, analytical work was conducted to allocate resources according to the demands on each BCU. Now that each of the BCUs is operating to the new model, this analysis is now being refreshed to ensure that the allocations reflect the current levels of demand for each area.
As these allocations are determined by demand, the effects of factors such as population size and demographics are captured indirectly. Moreover, the local BCU Commander has the flexibility to decide where best to allocate their resources, including focusing on particular geographic areas within the BCU.
In previous years, the MPS modelled the number of police officers per borough using the “Resource Allocation Formula” or “RAF”. This approach was based on “demand share”. It worked by assessing overall demand by borough and then distributing total available resources by the percentage of demand that each borough is dealing with.
RAF is a “top down” approach, whereas the new approach has been primarily based on a “resource modelling”, “bottom up” approach. This approach assesses the capacity of individual officers to manage a policing workload within each operational strand. It then builds up the overall number of posts within a BCU to adequately deal with these workloads, providing a more evidence-based approach to resource levels across the MPS.