asked the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether he will make a statement about material assistance given by United Nations specialised agencies or other organs of that body to liberation movements; and whether he will specify the movements concerned and the amount and nature of the assistance received.
In several resolutions, which the United Kingdom has opposed, the General Assembly has urged the specialised agencies to give moral and material assistance to the liberation movements involved in Southern Rhodesia, South West Africa and the African territories under Portuguese administration. Small sums of money have been given to refugees and educational institutions sponsored by liberation movements in the territories of neighbouring African States.
Has my hon. Friend no word of condemnation? Is it not intolerable that United Nations agencies and our money should be used for aggression, particularly in view of the Assembly's resolution that the territory of one State should not be used to launch subversive attacks on the territory of another State?
As I have said to my hon. Friend, we voted against these resolutions and we consider that action to channel aid to liberation movements through the United Nations specialised agencies is tantamount to condoning violence as a means of achieving political aims. We do not support that.
If these racialist Governments in Southern Africa rest on violence to deny human freedom and dignity, why is it wrong for United Nations agencies to take this stand and, in particular in the case of South Africa, which is in direct violation of international law over the occupation of Namibia, why is it wrong for the United Nations to take this stand towards it?
We consider it is unconstitutional for an international organisation to give support to any movement within a territory in circumstances where that movement has been declared unlawful by the acknowledged Government of the territory. There is no lack of opportunities to contribute, to which objection cannot be taken, such as the United Nations education and training programme for South Africa, which provides higher education for South African exiles and to which the United Kingdom is a principal contributor at £50,000 a year.
I cannot answer the last question because it is not my responsibility. As far as we can make out, the amount of money is about 400,000 dollars, but there may be something else of which we do not know.