asked the President of the Board of Trade what progress has been made by Her Majesty's Government towards reaching agreement with member Governments of the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation and with Governments of other European countries on the subject of subsidies to exporters, designed to give such exporters an advantage in competing in world markets.
Her Majesty's Government have taken a lead in efforts to get rid of export incentives of various kinds which amount to concealed subsidies. This matter is at present being studied by the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation; and the Council of European Industrial Federations has, on the initiative of the Federation of British Industries, unanimously condemned the race between countries to grant such export incentives.
Does not the right hon. Gentleman agree that these subsidies to exporters, which are designed to capture overseas markets, may have the effect of bringing about that form of economic warfare which did so much harm to international trade before the war? Can he say when he will have anything further to report on the conversations which, I understand, have been taking place in Paris?
I agree that these forms of subsidies are thoroughly undesirable. We have already made some considerable progress, and Germany, France and the Netherlands, for example, have already dispensed with or modified their arrangements for currency retention. If the hon. Gentleman puts down a Question, I will certainly inform him on how things go.
We are ready to consider offers by the United States of surplus products we require. Any purchases of such produce would, of course, be the subject of prior negotiation between the two Governments, and we for our part would take due account of all relevant considerations including price and the availability of home supplies.
As regards the second part of the Question, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade does not prohibit export subsidies, but if any member of the General Agreement subsidises exports in such a way as to cause serious prejudice to the interests of any other member, it is open to the latter under the General Agreement to seek redress.