Population Statistics

Oral Answers to Questions — India – in the House of Commons on 22nd October 1942.

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Photo of Mr William Thorne Mr William Thorne , West Ham Plaistow

asked the Secretary of State for India the total population of India in 1930 and the population shown by the 1941 census, excluding Burma; the cost of taking that census; the number of enumerators; and whether he can give the individual population of Bengal and the United Provinces?

Photo of Lieut-Colonel Leo Amery Lieut-Colonel Leo Amery , Birmingham Sparkbrook

The population of India (excluding Burma) as recorded in the Census of 1931 was 338,171,000. According to the Census of 1941 it was 388,800,000, of whom 60,314,000 resided in Bengal and 55,021,000 in the United Provinces. I have not been officially informed of the cost of the 1941 Census, but a Press report puts it as £375,000 and the number of enumerators at a million and a half.

Photo of Mr Oliver Locker-Lampson Mr Oliver Locker-Lampson , Birmingham Handsworth

Is not this large increase in the population of India evidence of the success of British rule?

Photo of Mr William Thorne Mr William Thorne , West Ham Plaistow

The reason I do not put a Supplementary Question is that there are 137 Questions on the Order Paper.