asked the Minister of Pensions whether he will consider amending the War Pensions and Detention Allowances (Mercantile Marine) Scheme so that merchant seamen can benefit or their dependants can receive pensions in the event of such seamen contracting disease such as dysentery, diphtheria, etc., and so bring the scheme into line with those governing the service of men in the Army, Navy or Air Force?
The Pensions (Navy, Army, Air Force and Mercantile Marine) Act, 1939, under which the War Pensions and Detention Allowances (Mercantile Marine, etc.) Scheme is made, authorises awards of pension to merchant mariners and their dependants in cases of disablement or death directly attributable to war injury or to detention sustained by reason of service in British ships. I should not feel justified in proposing an extension of the Act to cover cases of disease contracted in the normal course of the seaman's calling.
In view of the very large number of figures required for a complete table, I should not feel justified in present circumstances in devoting the necessary time and labour to compiling it, but I may explain that a White Paper, giving the new present war rates of pension, will be published within the next few days, and that the corresponding rates for the last war are contained in the Great War Royal Warrants, etc.
Would it not clearly be a great convenience if in a few selected cases, at any rate, soldiers of the lowest rank, for example, 100 per cent. disability pension was given as it was after the last war and as it is to-day, and similarly with widows? Could not the right hon. Gentleman give half-a-dozen selected cases of that sort?
I regret that it has not been possible in the time available to obtain the papers which relate to this case. I will, however, look into it and communicate with the hon. Member as soon as possible.
No, Sir; the disability must be certified by my medical advisers to be either directly attributable to service or to be, and remain, aggravated to a material extent thereby. As I stated in answer to a Question by the hon. and gallant Member for South-East Leeds (Major Milner) on 3rd July, where, in the case of a man definitely passed as fit on recruitment or mobilisation for war service, effective service is found to have caused a degree of aggravation in a previously existing condition, the fact of discharge resulting from that condition would justify me in regarding the aggravation as material and thus bringing the case within the scope of the Royal Warrant. There are, however, some cases in which it is not possible to certify that service has caused any worsening.
There is already an appeal to an independent medical referee nominated by the Presidents of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons. That has worked very satisfactorily up to now. In reply to the first supplementary question, the fact that of the cases reviewed after I made the announcement regarding this concession over 70 per cent. have been accepted is some evidence that the benefit of the doubt is given.