Deaf Children.

Oral Answers to Questions — Education. – in the House of Commons on 21st April 1932.

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Photo of Sir Charles Edwards Sir Charles Edwards , Bedwellty

16.

asked the President of the Board of Education what is the number of deaf children in England and Wales; what is the compulsory age of attendance at school; what accommodation is available and where situated; and what is the cost per pupil for training?

Photo of Mr Donald Maclean Mr Donald Maclean , Cornwall Northern

On 31st December, 1930, the latest date for which figures are available, the number of children, in England and Wales, ascertained by school medical officers to be deaf was returned as 3,621 of whom 1,915 were boys and 1,706 were girls. On the same date there were returned as partially deaf 1,882, of whom 973 were boys and 909 were girls. The period of compulsory education for deaf children is from the age of seven to that of 16. Special schools for the totally deaf provide accommodation for 4,386 children, and in addition there are 222 places in schools certified for the partially deaf. I am sending the hon. Member a copy of the Board's List 42, which shows where the schools are situated. It is estimated that the average cost of the education of deaf children is approxi- mately £39 per child per annum in the day schools, and £72 in residential schools.

Photo of Mr Thomas Williams Mr Thomas Williams , Don Valley

If these children have to remain for two years longer than ordinary elementary school boys or girls, is there any organisation to provide available opportunities for them when they are ready for work?

Viscountess ASTOR:

Would the right hon. Gentleman consider having compulsory education for deaf children a little earlier? It is found in Plymouth that, if you can get these children at school a little earlier, it is far more advantageous.

Photo of Mr Donald Maclean Mr Donald Maclean , Cornwall Northern

With regard to the question put to me by the hon. Member for Don Valley (Mr. Williams), that matter is one which is engaging the attention of the Board, and the organisation of the Board takes a special interest in this matter. I assured my hon. Friend the other day that very careful and indeed special attention is being paid to this subject. With regard to the question put by the Noble Lady the Member for the Sutton Division of Plymouth (Viscountess Astor), that would require additional legislation, and it is a very open question whether the parents of those unfortunate children would be willing to send their children to school at an earlier age. At the moment I am not prepared to give any other answer to that question.

Photo of Mr Lionel Beaumont-Thomas Mr Lionel Beaumont-Thomas , Birmingham King's Norton

Is there not a feeling on the part of the parents against sending their children to school at all at the age of five?

Photo of Mr Thomas Williams Mr Thomas Williams , Don Valley

May I be assured that there is an organisation inside the Education Department searching for opportunities for work for these deaf boys and girls when they are ready for work?

Photo of Mr Donald Maclean Mr Donald Maclean , Cornwall Northern

I do not think it amounts to that, but there is an organisation which co-ordinates voluntary efforts in connection with the deaf, and I can assure my hon. Friend that this particular question is far from being lost sight of.

Viscountess ASTOR:

Will the right hon. Gentleman consider looking thoroughly into the question of getting these deaf children earlier to school rather than later 1 In that way, I think we might save a great deal of money, and it would be in the interests of the children.

Photo of Mr Donald Maclean Mr Donald Maclean , Cornwall Northern

That would require legislation.