Notwithstanding anything contained in this or any other Act to the contrary. The Finance (1909–10) Act, 1910, Schedule I (c.) (Provisions applicable to retailers' off-licences, Spirits; (2) Minimum quantity of spirits to be sold), shall be deemed to have effect, as if, in lieu of the words "one reputed quart bottle," there were inserted the words "one reputed pint bottle," and accordingly the minimum quantity which may be sold by a person holding an off-licence to be held by a retailer of spirits shall be in England one reputed pint bottle.—[Sir Philip.Dawson.]
I beg to move, "That the Clause be read a Second time."
I will only detain the House a few minutes because the subject matter is well known to Members of the House and to the Treasury. I trust my right hon. Friend may see his way to grant the request. The Clause is intended to enable poor people who wish to get a half bottle of wine for medicinal purposes to do so. At present, if they require brandy, they have to buy a full bottle. I cannot see that the Exchequer will lose anything by this, and I trust the Chancellor of the Exchequer will be able to see his way to agree that this Clause be accepted.
My hon. Friend was commendably brief in putting this Clause before the House, and I hope he will not mind if I am equally brief in telling him that it is impossible to accept it. The reason I cannot accept it is one that has been very often explained to the House. It is this. To make the change would be to interfere with the whole balance of the licensing laws in this country. Anyone who has given even the smallest study to our licensing laws knows what a hornet's nest he might raise if he began interfering with one particular branch of that law. My hon. Friend, I notice, in putting forward his proposal, spoke of it as being merely intended to enable poor people who wanted a little brandy, for the sake of their health, to procure it in small quantities. That is not his proposal. It is not by any means confined to brandy required for health or under doctor's orders. It goes very much wider and includes all spirits. When I had a deputation to see me on this subject some weeks ago, they made a good deal of the point of the desirability of enabling people in had health, especially under doctors' orders, to get a little brandy, in smaller quantities than the quart bottle, from the grocers. I made the suggestion—I did not pledge myself—that that point might be made by making a special provision for brandy in such cases. I found that proposal did not give any satisfaction whatever. I was immediately told there were other spirits of medicinal value.
Therefore it really comes down to a proposal to alter the balance of the licensing law. A differentiation which has lasted now for a great number of years, and which is reflected in the relative licence duties imposed on different classes, would be a most dangerous thing to interfere with. It would require a great deal more consideration of the whole subject than it is possible to give when raised by this Amendment. Moreover, I am very sceptical indeed as to there being any real public demand for this change. I know there is a very respectable class of person who is the holder of an off-licence who would like to have extended privileges, if he could get them, without having to pay any additional licence duty for them. I should be very glad if it were possible without doing any harm in any other direction to meet those wishes. I do not think there is really any widespread grievance to be met, or that there is any widespread case to be made by the public at large. In those circumstances, and having regard to the disturbance that would be created, I hope my hon. Friend will be satisfied, and will not insist on dividing the House.
The right hon. Gentleman has said that this would disturb the balance as between the on- and the off-licence. It would, for example, in a district where there was no on-licence. It would lead to defeating very much in some cases the purposes of the magistrates in refusing such a licence. In the second place we know that the grocers' licences are often used by those who are not so straightforward as to go to an on-licence, and who use many subterfuges to obtain liquor in that way. We have a strong suspicion often of the purposes to which the on-licence may be put and the means that may be used to secure liquor under some other name altogether. Thirdly, I wish to call attention to the ground on which this was put forward that it was for medicinal uses. I am not here to argue nor do I suppose we would be free to launch out into any argument as to the medicinal value of alcohol in various forms. Personally, although I am an extremist in the temperance cause, I have never taken up the position that you might not take alcohol when it is really prescribed by a physician. The point I find is, that many people wish to be their own physicians, and make their own prescriptions in this particular matter.
I have never taken up an extreme position in regard to the medical use of alcohol. I have often said, you may as well take alcohol as any other poison the doctor may prescribe. But I will tell you what has shaken my faith in the value of alcohol as a medicine to a considerable extent. The great value of any medicine is that it does its work so thoroughly that you are done with the cure as well as with the disease. I once had occasion in examining candidates for a vacancy in connection with a Church appointment, to put before them the question I was instructed to put, whether they were strictly temperate. Two of them gave me exactly the same answer, that once some years before they had an illness, the doctor prescribed a little spirits, and they had gone on taking a little ever since. Can you conceive a greater condemnation of any medicine than that it makes you an invalid for life? Everyone knows that there has been a tremendous change in medical opinion in regard to the medicinal value of all those alcoholic liquors. Without wearying the House, I may mention that the Wandsworth Union in 1875 were spending on alcohol as a medicine £275. In 1914 they spent 8s., and the milk bill in that hospital rose in he same period from £407 to £1,330. If you take the seven leading hospitals in London you will find that in the year 1862 they were spending on alcohol as medicine £7,712, and exactly 50 years thereafter with a much larger population they were down to £1,238, and the milk bill rose in the same period from £3,026 to £,11,874. The party opposite pose as the great friends of agriculture, and I suggest that instead of trying to get new ways and means for the distribution of liquor they would serve the interests of agriculture much better if they brought in new methods of securing and distributing milk, which is really a food.
Mr. SC RYMGEOUR:
I think we should consider the real position with which this House is confronted whenever such a proposal as this is presented to it. If this production is a legitimate commodity why should not people be able to obtain it in any kind of shop and without any restrictions or licensing anomalies to which exception is taken to-day. The Financial Secretary has said that if this Amendment was adopted it would upset the balance of a licensing law. It is the licensing law which is really responsible for upsetting the balance of many people in this country. And you have to face another proposition. What objection can be taken by those who believe in having the contents of the bottle whether it is a pint bottle or a quart bottle. When that arrangement was made all that happened was that people who found any difficulty in getting a larger supply were able to make arrangements by which one person bought and then shared the contents of the bottle with others. If hon. Members who are concerned about the removal of these anomalies would go to the full extent of their claim—the liberty of the subject—they would fight the Government in order to secure the repeal of all our licensing liquor laws and let everybody supply drink as they thought fit, get as much drink as they could get so long as they could pay for it. They fear to face that practical and logical proposition in a desire to sustain a monopoly in their own financial interests. It is a monopoly which is a serious menace to the nation at large, and the only question is the removal of the whole thing altogether.
I only intervene in the Debate in order to reply to the hon. Member who has just spoken and to mention my own attitude on this matter. Last year I had the honour of moving this Amendment and I quite understand that there may be financial reasons which make it impossible for the Government to accept it. It is probable that the acceptance of this Amendment would upset what one may describe as the financial balance of the Budget. Interested parties have spoken about grocers' licences and the public house licences, but I do not think it is possible to defend the refusal of the half-pint measure to the off-licence people. The hon. Member for Dundee (Mr. Scrymgeour) said that if we upheld the liberty of the subject all these restrictions on liberty would be at once removed. I do not think that would alter the situation in the least. He is perfectly sincere but almost a monomaniac in his view of the situation. If you remove the restrictions and allow liquor to be sold without excise licence duties the revenue would have to be raised from other sources, and we are discussing how the revenue of the country is to be raised.
This is a Clause which extends the McKenna Duties to commercial motor cars. We only intend briefly to state our objections to it, and to take a Division. This extension of the duty to commercial motor cars contradicts every statement and every argument by which the Chancellor of the Exchequer supported the re-introduction of the McKenna Duties. His argument when he re-imposed these duties was, that they were duties of a purely luxury type, on articles of enjoyment and recreation simply, and that they would have no effect on the prices of manufactured articles. Now he has found himself in the position in which, in order to retain his luxury duties, he is compelled to place duties on articles which enter into practically every industry in the land and which affect the prices of practically every article produced in the country. Hon. Members opposite, in the last Debate, attempted to argue that this duty would have no effect on the price of commercial motor cars, but those trades that are going to use them have sent a protest to every Member of this House.
We have all had letters from the Farmers' Union who argue, and argue quite rightly, that as they are forbidden to have protection it is unjustifiable to ask them to pay this tribute to an industry whose prospects are far brighter than their own. The Chancellor of the Exchequer said it had nothing to do with Protection, but that the Customs House was put into certain difficulties in distinguishing between the parts of these cars and the parts of private cars, and the duty had therefore to be imposed. That argument justifies the objection we originally urged. If he now finds himself in a position in which he imposes duties on certain articles, and then finds that in order to retain those duties he is compelled to impose them on other articles, then his proper action is to withdraw these duties, instead of adding others. We quite know why he cannot do this. The reason is that this duty is supported by the hon. Members behind him on purely Protectionist grounds. The Chancellor of the Exchequer in the last Debate told us that these duties did not raise the issue of Protection or Free Trade but in every speech in which hon. Members behind him supported him, the speech was based on the grounds of sheer Protection. I was interested to follow the argument used by one hon. Member opposite, and it comes with greater and greater frequency from Conservative speakers—that if you propose a protective duty on, say, commercial motor cars, they obtain larger markets and manufacturers can work on a larger scale and bring down overhead charges, and thus reduce prices. That is the argument I hear over and over again with increasing frequency. So far as it is true that by producing on a larger scale manufacturers can lower prices, that is an argument not for Protection but for amalgamation. It is exactly the position that has arisen in the coal trade, and the very remedy the Government themselves are proposing is amalgamation. When other trades come forward with that argument our reply to them is, "Let them amalgamate," If they are not willing to amalgamate then they are not entitled for that reason to ask other industries to pay them a tribute in order to do what these industries ought to do for themselves, and for that reason I beg to move.
I beg to second the Amendment.
I think we can claim to say that we are not absolutely one-sided in connection with our views on this matter. On the last Clause that we were discussing we stated it would be a great relief to the poorer class. On this occasion we cannot claim that as a reason why we are bringing this forward, because it cannot be said that a large number of the poorer class use commercial cars or luxury cars or are concerned about the component parts of the car. Therefore, it ought to appeal to the people on the other benches—when they are there. It ought to appeal to those people on the Government side because they are the people mostly concerned in using the cars most mentioned in this Clause, either commercial or luxury. We usually find that they are not over-patriotic about using British cars, although they are concerned in advertising that British goods are best. We do see some of them using foreign cars, and naturally if they get the foreign-made cars they do want the component parts sometimes if they have got worn out. I therefore think the Chancellor of the Exchequer would be doing a good turn to some of his supporters if he would have this Clause deleted.
It is quite true that the users of commercial cars are beginning to wake up to what this duty means. I think nearly all the Members of the House have received circulars in connection with this matter, and it has not surprised me at all, because when the Chancellor brought forward this matter in his Budget proposals, I said that what we were going to impose on commercial vehicles would naturally be passed on, in increased charges. In the end, it is always the consumer who pays, and this duty will be passed on to such people, for example, as those who desire to remove their furniture. The removal contractors state that if this duty is to be imposed, to the extent proposed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, they will have to increase their charges. Occasionally poor people have to move, whether they want to do so or not, and they will have to pay. In all the circumstances I think the right hon. Gentleman ought to agree to the deletion of this Clause, and thus help the people who use commercial vehicles instead of hampering them.
This appears to be a completely Protectionist Clause, and I want to try to persuade the Chancellor of the Exchequer to withdraw it. I may
be able to do so, because the quotations which I propose to make come from one who, I am quite certain, the right hon. Gentleman has no desire to contradict. I have brought into the House with me a book. The Chancellor may not think himself a great man, but his portrait figures on the cover of this volume and the old phrase:
Oh that mine adversary had written a book
enters into this matter. The right hon. Gentleman looks much better in that picture than he does now.
It is not a question of age. I am taking other factors of difference into account as between the time when the right hon. Gentleman wrote his book and the present time. As a man thinks so he becomes, and the right hon. Gentleman is looking much better in that picture than he looks to-day. I wish to take some of his statements in this book in regard to the matters before the House. He says on page 33:
Protective tariffs have warped and restricted the growth of the industries of the nations who have adopted them,
Protection will not stop unemployment.
Then he goes on to give ample proof that the principle by which he stands today is absolutely wrong. Either he must tell the House that he was wrong then and is right now, or he must admit that he was right then and is wrong now.
The circumstances have changed but have changed all in favour of the right hon. Gentleman having been right when he wrote this book. On page 133 he talks about the vagueness of a tariff and he writes:
We catch a glimpse of its glittering skirts in the flourish of a peroration. We find some reference to it upon a half sheet of notepaper. It figures in the after-dinner speeches of irresponsible persons. We try to follow it through the cryptic pronouncements and laboured ambiguities of political leaders. We have it brought to our notice by the puffs and paragraphs and trial balloons of the inspired or semi-inspired or wholly imaginative Press.
[HON. MEMBERS: "Is that Socialism?"] If hon. Members knew the political history of the country as they ought to-know it they would be acquainted with this book. If they wished to know about the political changes that have taken place they should learn what this book has to tell them. This Clause establishes the beginning of absolute full Protection. I do not wish to use all the arguments employed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer against that policy but I ask him to tell us whether he has altogether forsaken that which was the virtue of his youth and has gone completely astray?
I hold in very considerable respect the opinions which the hon. Gentleman has just quoted, and I should be very sorry if I found myself needlessly in collision with them at any time, but, after all, we must take cognisance of the march of events. If the so-called McKenna Duties, or any ancillary additions to the so-called McKenna Duties should be held to come into collision with any of the doctrines contained in that volume from which the hon. Gentleman has quoted, then it is perfectly well known that the friction began, not in this Budget nor in the last Budget, not in this Parliament nor in the last Parliament nor in the Parliament before that, but as early as the year 1915 or the beginning of 1916, when these duties were proposed by a Government headed by no less an authority and no more faithful an adherent of Free Trade than Lord Oxford himself. The duties are associated with the name of one of the greatest Free Trade authorities, Mr. McKenna, and were supported by the subsequent Coalition Government under the leadership of the right hon. Gentleman the Member for Carnarvon Boroughs (Mr. Lloyd George). They were supported, not only by representatives of his party but also by representatives of the Labour party, who were officially represented in that Government. I, as a subordinate functionary, in those days naturally felt that I could not stand single-handed against all the parties in the State. If I am to be reproached, I can only say that I share my fault with three great parties in the State and the most eminent leaders of those parties.
We have reimposed the McKenna Duties for purposes of revenue. That was the sole object if had in view. It may well be that a duty imposed, sincerely and soundly, for one purpose may commend itself to other people because it happens incidentally, to achieve other objects, in themselves highly arguable at least, but possibly defensible.
The McKenna Duties, imposed solely for revenue purposes, were found to contain a curious gap in that certain commercial motors were found to have escaped, and the burden of this non-inclusion has thrown upon the Customs officials a difficulty, that of tracing the spare parts, etc. They have discovered how narrow, shifting and ambiguous was the line which divides the commercial use from the pleasure use of cars, and how impossible it was to track the original vehicle through all its phases and changes, and it has been felt that in the interests of simplification it was desirable to add this Clause on motor vehicles to keep in general line with the McKenna Duties. I have explained before that my reasons were twofold: administrative convenience and additional revenue. I have no other reason whatever. Those reasons are perfectly just and adequate. It may be that other hon. Members have other objects to the revenue produced by the taxes. I welcome, the support which I receive on any ground; in support of a policy which is in itself inherently and ineffaceably sound.
I myself do not believe in the present state of the commercial motor industry that the position of the users, in view of the comparatively small quantity of foreign cars that come into this counry, will be materially affected. Nor do I believe that the price of the home article will be affected in the way suggested. I believe that the competition in the British commercial motor trade is sufficiently keen and strong to keep the price down. It may even be in the case of a rapidly expanding industry that this new factor of being able to produce on a larger scale, and with a greater assurance of sale will have the effect of producing a cheaper article. It is not from the standpoint of tariffs or fiscal policy that I am introducing the duty but solely for the two perfectly good and sufficient reasons that I have already mentioned to the House. I should have thought that in view of the three or four occasions on which we have debated this matter that we would have exhausted the possibility of argument, and that we were not now likely to find any new argument which could be used. I could have hoped that we would have succeeded in these discussions in converting hon. and right hon. Gentlemen opposite to our proposals, but, at any rate, we hold the opinion that these duties should be imposed. We have debated the matter at length on Second Reading, in Committee, and now on Report. If, after all this labour and argument we are not yet in complete unity, I fear there is absolutely nothing for it but to carry the quarrel and the differences to the supreme arbitrament of a Division.
In the speech which he has just delivered the Chancellor of the Exchequer has defended himself with what I may call, I hope without offence, a degree of shamelessness. He knows perfectly well that this tax is a protective tax, intended to be a protective tax. I do not agree with the hon. Member for Poplar (Mr. March) that the consumer is not going to pay this tax. I think when that hon. Gentleman spoke about commercial vehicles he intended to refer to luxury vehicles. All I was thinking of was the vehicle which carries round commodities for retail sale, which carries people to and from work; and in this respect it can be shown that the tax on this vehicle, like all protective taxes, is borne by the consumer, and mostly by the poorer consumer. It is quite well known that the importer pays the tax. If there is doubt about some things, there is no doubt about that. The fact of the matter is the right hon. Gentleman introduced this as Protection to please his Protectionist friends. He said the other night that no new arguments had been advanced, but he himself has defended this on an entirely new ground. He explained that the position had been brought about by the march of events—that march of events which leads him from one side to the other. He defends this tax on the grounds, first of all, that it is part of the McKenna Duties. It was never part of the McKenna Duties, and had nothing whatever to do with them. It was specifically excluded from the McKenna Duties. So far as that argument is concerned it has no bearing upon the matter. The right hon. Gentleman defended the McKenna Duties themselves on grounds that were absolutely false, and demonstrably false, and which had been repeatedly shown to be false in the Debates in this House.
After the War there was a Coalition Government composed of members of the Labour, Liberal and Conservative parties. There were Free Trade Members in it, and Protectionist Members. There was a shortage of tonnage. The Cabinet decided to impose the duties, the purpose of which, it was stated, was to restrict imports, and not to give protection to any industry—to restrict imports and particularly luxuries.
There were some who thought there was a danger of the duties being used for the purpose of introducing Protection into this country, but they, though they had qualms, had also patriotism, and they had the courage not to press their objections. Now the Chancellor is taking advantage of that. The argument he is using is not a very worthy one. In addition, however, to the Members of the Cabinet being patriotic they were also cautious, and the then Leader of the House, the late Mr. Bonar Law, when he introduced these duties—and when doubt was expressed from the back benches—used these words:
These were duties which never in any circumstances would be kept on after the conclusion of the War.
That being so, what becomes of the Chancellor's flimsy defence that this is merely carrying out the policy of the McKenna Duties, in which he himself took part—
Yes, and it was a great error of judgment on my part if I omitted to mention him. He goes on to say that if when he is seeking revenue certain effects follow which please his supporters, why is he to be blamed for that? As long as he gets revenue he is justified. Suppose a proposal were brought forward to put a duty on wheat. Would the Chancellor of the Exchequer say, "As long as I can get revenue by putting a duty on wheat the fact that there are corollaries such as the protection of agriculture and a rise in the cost of the food of the people has nothing to do with me. I am merely a man seeking revenue. I have forsaken none of the principles which were set out in the volume quoted by my hon. Friend and so interestingly adorned on the cover." The fact is, these duties do mark a distinct departure. We know the Government are at heart Protectionists, and we know the party behind them are Protectionists, but never before have we had naked uncamouflaged Protection presented to us. This case will be quoted as the beginning of a policy which ultimately will land us in a general tariff, and even to-day, small and apparently unimportant as it is, it is a distinct violation of the pledge given by the Prime Minister.
Question put, "That the words proposed to be left out to the word 'May,' in page 2, line 22, stand part of the Bill."
|Division No. 327.]||AYES.||[8.27 p.m.|
|Agg-Gardner, Rt. Hon. Sir James T.||Briscoe, Richard George||Colfax, Major Wm. Phillips|
|Alexander, E. E. (Leyton)||Brittain, Sir Harry||Conway, Sir W. Martin|
|Allen, J. Sandeman (L'pool, W. Derby)||Brocklebank, C. E. R.||Cooper, A. Duff|
|Ashley, Lt.-Col. Rt. Hon. Wilfrid W.||Brooke, Brigadier-General C. R. I.||Cope, Major William|
|Astbury, Lieut.-Commander F. W.||Brown, Col. D. C. (N'th'I'd., Hexham)||Couper, J. B.|
|Balfour, George (Hampstead)||Brown, Brig.-Gen. H. C. (Berks, Newb'y)||Craig, Ernest (Chester, Crewe)|
|Barclay-Harvey, C. M.||Burgoyne, Lieut.-colonel Sir Alan||Crooke. J. Smedley (Deritend)|
|Barnston, Major Sir Harry||Burman, J. B.||Crookshank, Col. C. de W. (Berwick)|
|Beamish, Captain T. P. H.||Burney, Lieut.-Com. Charles D.||Crookshank, Cpt. H.(Lindsey,Gainsbro)|
|Beliairs, Commander Canlyon W.||Burton, Colonel H. W.||Cunliffe, Sir Herbert|
|Bennett, A. J||Cadogan, Major Hon. Edward||Curtis-Bennett, Sir Henry|
|Berry, Sir George||Caine, Gordon Hall||Dalkeith, Earl of|
|Bethel, A.||Cassels, J. D.||Davidson, Major-General Sir John H.|
|Betterton, Henry B.||Cautley, Sir Henry S.||Davies, Dr. Vernon|
|Birchall, Major J. Dearman||Cayzer, Sir C. (Chester, City)||Davies, Sir Thomas (Cirencester)|
|Bird, Sir R. B. (Wolverhampton, W.)||Chadwick, Sir Robert Burton||Dawson, Sir Philip|
|Blades, Sir George Rowland||Charteris, Brigadier-General J.||Drewe, C.|
|Blundell, F. N.||Churchill, Rt. Hon. Winston Spencer||Edmondson, Major A. J.|
|Boothby, R. J. G.||Churchman, Sir Arthur C.||Elliot, Major Walter E.|
|Bourne, Captain Robert Croft||Clarry, Reginald George||Ellis, R. G.|
|Bowyer, Captain G. E. W.||Clayton G. C.||Everard, W. Lindsay|
|Braithwaite, A. N.||Cobb, Sir Cyril||Falle, Sir Bertram G.|
|Briggs, J. Harold||Cochrane, Commander Hon. A. D.||Fanshawe, Commander G. D.|
|Fermoy, Lord||Locker-Lampson, G. (Wood Green)||Sanderson, Sir Frank|
|Fielden, E. B.||Lougher, L.||Shaw, R. G. (Yorks, W.R., Sowerby|
|Forestler-Walker, Sir L.||Lucas-Tooth, Sir Hugh Vere||Shaw, Lt.-Col. A. D. Mcl. (Renfrew, W)|
|Foxcroft, Captain C. T.||Luce, Major-Gen. Sir Richard Harman||Shaw, Capt. W. W. (Wilts, Westb'y)|
|Fraser, Captain Ian||MacAndrew, Major Charles Glen||Shepperson, E. W.|
|Frece, Sir Walter de||Macdonald, Capt. P. D. (I. of W.)||Simms, Dr. John M. (Co. Down)|
|Gadle, Lieut.-Colonel Anthony||Macdonald, R. (Glasgow, Cathcart)||Slangy, Major P. Kenyon|
|Galbraith, J. F. W.||McDonnell, Colonel Hon. Angus||Smith-Carington, Neville W.|
|Gault, Lieut.-Cot. Andrew Hamilton||McLean, Major A.||Somerville, A. A. (Windsor)|
|Gibbs, Col. Rt. Hon. George Abraham||Macmillan, Captain H.||Stanley, Hon. O. F. G. (Westm'eland)|
|Gilmour, Lt.-Col. Rt. Hon. Sir John||Macnaghten, Hon. Sir Malcolm||Steel, Major Samuel Strang|
|Glyn, Major R. G. C.||McNeill, Rt. Hon. Ronald John||Storry-Deans, R.|
|Goff, Sir Park||Maitland, Sir Arthur D. Steel||Stott, Lieut.-Colonel W. H.|
|Grenfell, Edward C. (City of London)||Malone, Major P. B.||Streatfeild, Captain S. R.|
|Grotrian, H. Brent.||Margesson, Captain D.||Stuart, Crichton-, Lord C.|
|Gunston, Captain D. W.||Meller, R. J.||Stuart, Hon. J. (Moray and Nairn)|
|Hall, Lieut.-Col. Sir F. (Dulwich)||Merriman, F. B.||Styles, Captain H. Waiter|
|Hammerstey, S. S.||Meyer, Sir Frank||Sugden, Sir Wilfrid|
|Hannon, Patrick Joseph Henry||Milne, J. S. Wardlaw-||Templeton, W. P.|
|Harland, A.||Mitchell, S. (Lanark, Lanark)||Thom, Lt.-Col. J. G. (Dumbarton)|
|Harmsworth, Hon. E. C. (Kent)||Mitchell, W. Foot (Saffron Walden)||Thomson, F. C. (Aberdeen, S.)|
|Harvey, Major S. E. (Devon, Totnes)||Monsell, Eyres, Com. Rt. Hon. B. M.||Tinne, J. A.|
|Haslam, Henry C.||Moreing, Captain A. H.||Titchfield, Major the Marquess of|
|Henderson, Lieut.-Col. V. L. (Bootie)||Morrison-Bell, Sir Arthur Clive||Tryon, Rt. Hon. George Clement|
|Hennessy, Major J. R. G.||Nall, Lieut.-Colonel Sir Joseph||Turton, Sir Edmund Russborough|
|Hills, Major John Waller||O'Connor, T. J. (Bedford, Luton)||Vaughan-Morgan, Col. K. P.|
|Hope, Capt. A. O. j. (Warw'k, Nun.)||Oman, Sir Charles William C.||Waddington, R.|
|Hope, Sir Harry (Forfar)||Pennefather, Sir John||Wallace, Captain D. E.|
|Hopkins, J. W. W.||Percy, Lord Eustace (Hastings)||Warrender, Sir Victor|
|Hopkinson, Sir A. (Eng. Universities)||Perkins, Colonel E. K.||Waterhouse, Captain Charles|
|Horlick, Lieut.-Colonel J. N.||Perring, Sir William George||Watson, Sir F. (Pudsey and Otley)|
|Howard, Captain Hon. Donald||Pielou, D. P.||Watson, Rt. Hon. W. (Carlisle)|
|Hudson, R. S. (Cumberl'nd, Whiteh'n)||Pilditch, Sir Philip||Watts, Dr. T.|
|Hume, Sir G. H.||Preston, William||Wells, S. R.|
|Hunter-Weston, Lt.-Gen. Sir Aylmer||Price, Major C. W. M.||Wheler, Major Sir Granville C. H.|
|Huntingfield, Lord||Radford, E. A.||Williams, Com. C. (Devon, Torquay)|
|Hurd, Percy A.||Raine, W.||Williams, Herbert G. (Reading)|
|Hurst, Gerald B.||Ramsden, E.||Wilson, R. R. (Stafford, Lichfield)|
|Hutchison, G.A. Clark(Midl'n & P'bl's)||Rawson, Sir Cooper||Winterton, Rt. Hon. Earl|
|Jacob, A. E.||Rees, Sir Beddoe||Wise, Sir Fredric|
|James, Lieut.-Colonel Hon. Cuthbert||Remer, J. R.||Womersley. W. J.|
|Jephcott, A. R.||Rentoul, G. S.||Wood, E. (Chest'r, Stalyb'ge & Hyde)|
|Jones, G. W. H. (Stoke Newington)||Rice, Sir Frederick||Worthington-Evans, Rt. Hon. Sir L.|
|Kennedy, A. R. (Preston)||Roberts, E. H. G. (Flint)||Wragg, Herbert|
|Kidd, J. (Linlithgow)||Ropner, Major L.|
|Kindersley, Major Guy M.||Russell, Alexander West (Tynemouth)||TELLERS FOR THE AYES.—|
|King, Captain Henry Douglas||Rye, F. G.||Captain Viscount Curzon and|
|Lister, Cunliffe-, Rt. Hon. Sir Philip||Samuel, A. M. (Surrey, Farnham)||Lord Stanley.|
|Little, Dr. E. Graham||Sandeman, A. Stewart|
|Adamson, Rt. Hon. W. (Fife, West)||Gibbins, Joseph||Lee, F.|
|Alexander, A. V. (Sheffield, Hillsbro')||Gillett, George M.||Lindley, F. W.|
|Ammon, Charles George||Gosling, Harry||Livingstone, A. M.|
|Attlee, Clement Richard||Graham, D. M. (Lanark, Hamilton)||Lunn, William|
|Baker, J. (Wolverhampton, Bilston)||Graham, Rt. Hon. Wm. (Edin., Cent.)||Maclean, Neil (Glasgow, Govan)|
|Barker, G. (Monmouth, Abertillery)||Greenall, T.||March, S.|
|Barr, J.||Greenwood, A. (Nelson and Coine)||Mitchell, E. Rosslyn (Paisley)|
|Batey, Joseph||Grenfell. D. R (Glamorgan)||Montague, Frederick|
|Benn, Captain Wedgwood (Leith)||Groves, T.||Morris, R. H.|
|Bowerman, Rt. Hon. Charles W.||Grundy, T. W.||Murnin, H.|
|Broad, F. A.||Hall, F. (York, W.R., Normanton)||Oliver, George Harold|
|Bromfield, William||Hall, G. H. (Merthyr Tydvil)||Palin, John Henry|
|Bromley, J.||Hardie, George D.||Paling, W.|
|Brown, James (Ayr and Bute)||Heyday, Arthur||Parkinson, John Allen (Wigan)|
|Buchanan, G.||Hayes, John Henry||Pethick-Lawrence, F. W.|
|Buxton, Rt. Hon. Noet||Henderson, Rt. Hon. A. (Burnley)||Ponsonby, Arthur|
|Charleton, H. C.||Henderson, T. (Glasgow)||Potts, John S.|
|Clowes, S.||Hirst, G. H.||Purcell, A. A.|
|Clase, W. S.||Hirst, W. (Bradford, South)||Richardson, R. (Houghton-le-Spring)|
|Clynes, Right Hon. John R.||Hudson, J. H. (Huddersfield)||Riley, Ben|
|Collins, Sir Godfrey (Greenock)||Jenkins, W. (Glamorgan, Neath)||Salter, Or. Alfred|
|Compton, Joseph||John, William (Rhondda, West)||Scrymgeour, E.|
|Cove, W. G.||Johnston, Thomas (Dundee)||Scurr, John|
|Cowan, D M. (Scottish Universities)||Jones, Henry Haydn (Merianeth)||Shaw, Rt. Hon. Thomas (Preston)|
|Dalton, Hugh||Jones, Morgan (Caerphilly)||Short, Alfred (Wednesbury)|
|Davies, Rhys John (Westhoughton)||Jones, T. I. Mardy (Pontypridd)||Sinclair, Major Sir A. (Caithness)|
|Day, Colonel Harry||Kelly, W. T.||Sitch, Charles H.|
|Dennison. R.||Kennedy, T.||Smillie, Robert|
|Duncan, C||Kirkwood, D||Smith, Ben (Bermondsey, Rotherhithe)|
|Dunnico, H.||Lansbury, George||Smith, H. B. Lees (Keighley)|
|Forrest, W.||Lawrence, Susan||Smith, Rennie (Penistone)|
|Gardner, J. P.||Lawson, John James||Snell, Harry|
|Snowden, Rt. Hon. Philip||Tinker, John Joseph||Wilkinson, Ellen C.|
|Spencer, G. A. (Broxtowe)||Townend, A. E.||Williams, C. P. (Denbigh, Wrexham)|
|Stamford, T. W.||Viant, S. P.||Williams, David (Swansea, E.)|
|Stephen, Campbell||Wallhead, Richard C.||Williams, Dr. J. H. (Llanelly)|
|Stewart, J. (St. Roflox)||Walsh, Rt. Hon. Stephen||Williams, T. (York, Don Valley)|
|Sullivan, J.||Watson, W. M. (Dunfermline)||Wilson, R. J. (Jarrow)|
|Sutton, J. E.||Webb, Rt. Hon. Sidney|
|Thorne, G. R. (Wolverhampton, E.)||Welsh, J. C.||TELLERS FOR THE NOES —|
|Thurtle, E.||Wiggins, William Martin||Mr. Charles Edwards and Mr. A. Barnes.|
I beg to move, in page 2, line 22, to leave out the word "May" and to insert instead thereof the word "June."
This is not an Amendment which covers a wide area but is one which must impress itself on the Government as offering the opportunity for making a valuable concession. The effect of the Budget Resolutions now made statutory by the Clause we are discussing, is that people who had chassis, whether assembled or to be assembled, on order, to arrive here, say, in the first fortnight in May are going to be severely handicapped. I have seen correspondence from some firms, small firms especially, from which it appears that they will be faced not merely with immediate financial loss but possible bankruptcy because of the cancellation of orders. It has been said that this proposal is not likely to raise the price of commercial cars, but that is a very curious argument for the Chancellor of the Exchequer to use. I have seen communications from him which were sent to a representative of the Chamber of Commerce who asked for some consideration in regard to this duty in which it was stated that where the effect of the duty on imported chassis was such as to preclude their sale and involve the importer in loss, he would have the right under the Act of 1901 to claim the amount of that duty as an extra from his customer. Yet the Chancellor of the Exchequer said that this duty was not calculated to increase the price.
In the case of people involved in a loss of this kind I want to point out that it is a well-known fact in the trade that where a contract has been made for the purchase of a vehicle of this character it is generally on the basis of there being an option on the part of the customer to cancel the contract if within seven days there should be an increase of price not contemplated when the contract was entered into. There is nothing in the Act of 1901 which would enable the importer of commercial chassis during the first month of the operation of this duty to recoup himself against his losses. I cannot imagine the party opposite wishing to see any serious damage done to trade by the operation of this duty. I have seen the actual correspondence from some firms who fear that they are quite likely to be faced with bankruptcy on account of the losses they will incur by the operation of this duty. Probably the Financial Secretary to the Treasury and hon. Members opposite would desire to see this duty put on at the very earliest date for Protectionist reasons, but the date is now past, and there would be no possible effect on future imports by putting the date back from the 1st May to the 1st June, so that the people who have been involved in losses, without notice, in the case of orders contracted before the Budget statement might be put into a position of being able to carry on their business. I think that is a reasonable request, and I am hoping the Treasury will see their way to grant it. I am well aware that a large number of people in the trade, whether they deal in cars, chassis or other commodities, are bound to experience great inconvenience and loss by changes in the tariff once you begin to fiddle about with your fiscal system, but we are not making that point on this Amendment. We are simply asking for a concession of a month in order that those adversely affected may be able to put themselves four square.
The hon. Gentleman who moved this Amendment rather challenged me to say whether I thought that this proposal would inflict serious injury upon trade. I do not think it is necessary to assure him that those sitting on this side of the House have no such desire. On the contrary, any adjustment of taxation or any change which could be made consistently with the principle of the tax itself, and which would have the effect of improving matters as regards trade, is something which we are inclined to support. It does not follow that because the hon. Member who moved this Amendment was able to quote instances which have been brought to his notice of the inconvenience caused by the actual imposition of a duty of this sort that it is not consistent with the scheme of taxation adopted by the Government and the House to make the particular changes, adjustments or easements to meet the instances he has in mind. The hon. Member pointed out that a trader has a right under the existing law to recoup himself when, unbeknown to him, a duty was imposed, and in order to protect him from loss he has a right under these circumstances to add to the contract price what will recoup him. The hon. Member brings that forward as a proof of the general proposition that the effect of any duty must be to increase the price of the article.
In this matter you cannot lay down any definite lines, because such a thing might happen in some cases and not in others. It is evident from what the hon. Member has said that the importer cannot suffer damage from the duty coming on after he has made his contract. I do not agree that in the cases which the hon. Member has in mind the result under the existing law would involve any serious loss, and probably there would be no loss at all. I venture to say that the traders who used the word "bankruptcy" in talking to the hon. Gentleman opposite were unduly pessimistic as to the effect of this duty. The hon. Member for Hillsborough (Mr. A. V. Alexander) spoke of what he describes as "fiddling about with your fiscal system." I suppose the hon. Member only means a variation of taxation. I suppose the hon. Member would describe any variation of taxation as a fiddling about with your fiscal system. If you take a penny off the Income Tax or put a penny on or even adjust the Death Duties, the hon. Member would say that we were fiddling about with our fiscal system. There is no doubt that there must be a certain amount of inconvenience to those who are affected by the fiddling or the variation. In these circumstances it is not reasonable for the hon. Member to expect, and I do not think he does expect, that we should make a very serious inroad into the change which we are proposing, and which the Committee has already accepted. We cannot be expected to make a very serious inroad into that for no stronger reason than the hon. Member has brought to our notice.
I cannot say exactly what loss of revenue it would involve, but there would be some loss, and it would mean very serious inconvenience and difficulty in regard to machinery, because it would be necessary to separate from other importations the articles which have been imported during the month which the hon. Gentleman wants to take out, and I am advised that it would be very difficult and inconvenient—I do not say it would be impossible—to carry out that process. It has a still greater disadvantage. It would be a very bad precedent, and it would be practically a precedent which we should be obliged to follow in any future "fiddling with our fiscal system." I expect that in years to come a great deal of that will be done, and by no one more than by the party opposite, and it would be a very serious precedent to set, because, at any time when a duty of any sort was imposed, all that importers would have to do would be to bring in large quantities of goods on the speculation that, on the precedent which we should have accepted here, the date of imposition of the tax would be altered in order to exclude, over a certain period, goods that might have been presumed to be under way or under contract before the duty was imposed. That would be a very unfortunate thing for us to do, and, as I do not see that any sufficiently strong reason has been given to show that there is any real grievance, I must ask the House not to agree to the Amendment.
There is no question here of discussing any general principle. We are not talking about the merits of a tariff, or the ultimate incidence of taxation, but about a real commercial difficulty and hardship which threatens great injury to some importing firms. It is not a vague case, but a specific case, and I will give the right hon. Gentleman one example—no doubt there are others. I shall be happy to give him the names if he wishes. We are not concerned here with anticipatory dumping. There can be no question of anticipatory dumping, because the tax was fixed as from the 1st May, and became operative on the date on which it was announced. We are, therefore, dealing with a specific injury which may be done to traders, and I am sure the right hon. Gentleman has no desire either to put traders into bankruptcy or to do any unnecessary damage to any trading concern. The case to which I refer is that of an importer who has 33 commercial chassis in transit from New York, 20 in one ship and 13 in another. They were sold to him under a contract which would have left him a net profit of £40 per chassis. He will now be called upon to pay £110 in tax, and will, therefore, lose £70 on each vehicle. He alleges further that he is going to lose £1,000, and he says that this may drive him out of this importing business, and he will cease to be a contributor to the right hon. Gentleman's taxes. The right hon. Gentleman, surely, does not want that to happen. There is no party division here; it is purely a question of doing an injury to one man, or perhaps 20, or perhaps 50—I do not know. We sacrifice nothing; we assail no principle; we merely ask the right hon. Gentleman to make arrangements such as he has often made before in order to save firms in these matters. I have here a copy of an Order relating to gas mantles and cutlery, where the date was adjusted in order to cover goods in transit to this country.
The right hon. Gentleman has really only one reply in substance. He says that in Section 10 of the Act of 1901 power is given to a firm to add to the purchaser's price the additional duty, and the purchaser, no doubt, will pass it on to the consumer, so that no one will be damnified in the long run. But, in the contract between this man who is importing and his purchaser there is a stipulation that, in case of a rise in price from any cause, the purchaser will have a 10 days' right to cancel the contract. Therefore, this man may be in the position—and that is what he fears—of finding his contract for these 33 vehicles cancelled, in which case he will have to bear the cost, namely, £55 per vehicle, of sending them back to New York. I venture to suggest that I have made out a case which is deserving of careful consideration, and I hope the right hon. Gentleman, even now, will see his way to do in this Clause what he has often done in connection with tax-collecting machinery before, namely, to make such an adjustment that unnecessary harm is not inflicted on people who are trying to carry on their business, and who are quite willing to pay any tax that may be legitimately levied.
|Division No. 328.]||AYES.||[9.3 p.m.|
|Acland-Troyte, Lieut.-Colonel||Butt, Sir Alfred||Dawson, Sir Philip|
|Agg-Gardner, Rt. Hon. Sir James T.||Cadogan, Major Hon. Edward||Drewe, C.|
|Alexander, E. E. (Leyton)||Caine, Gordon Hall||Edmondson, Major A. J.|
|Allen, J. Sandeman (L'pool, W. Derby)||Cassels, J D.||Edwards, J. Hugh (Accrington)|
|Ashley, Lt.-Col. Rt. Hon. Wilfrid W.||Cautley, Sir Henry S.||Elliot, Major Walter E.|
|Astbury, Lieut.-Commander F. W.||Cayzer, Sir C. (Chester, City)||Ellis, R. G.|
|Balfour, George (Hampstead)||Chadwick, Sir Robert Burton||England, Colonel A.|
|Barclay-Harvey, C. M.||Charteris, Brigadier-General J.||Everard, W. Lindsay|
|Barnston, Major Sir Harry||Churchman, Sir Arthur C.||Falle, Sir Bertram G.|
|Beamish, Captain T. P. H.||Clarry, Reginald George||Fanshawe, Commander G. D.|
|Bennett, A. J.||Clayton, G. C.||Fermoy, Lord|
|Berry, Sir George||Cobb. Sir Cyril||Fielden, E. B.|
|Bethel, A.||Cochrane, Commander Hon. A. D.||Forestier-Walker, Sir L.|
|Betterton, Henry B.||Colfox, Major Wm. Phillips||Foster, Sir Harry S.|
|Birchall, Major J. Dearman||Conway, Sir W. Martin||Foxcroft, Captain C. T.|
|Bird, Sir R. B. (Wolverhampton, W.)||Cooper, A. Duff||Fraser, Captain Ian|
|Blades, Sir George Rowland||Cope, Major William||Frece, Sir Walter de|
|Blundell, F. N.||Cooper, J. B.||Gadie, Lieut.-Col. Anthony|
|Boothby, R. J. G.||Courtauld, Major J. S.||Galbraith, J. F. W.|
|Bourne, Captain Robert Croft||Cowan, Sir Wm. Henry (Islingtn. N.)||Gault, Lieut.-Col. Andrew Hamilton|
|Braithwaite, A. N.||Craig, Ernest (Chester, Crewe)||Gibbs, Col. Rt. Hon. George Abraham|
|Briggs, J. Harold||Crooke, J. Smedley (Deritend)||Gilmour, Lt.-Cal. Rt. Hon. Sir John|
|Briscoe, Richard George||Crookshank, Col. C. de W. (Berwick)||Glyn, Major R. G. C.|
|Brocklebank, C. E. R.||Crookshank, Cpt. H.(Lindsey,Galnsbro)||Goff, Sir Park|
|Brooke, Brigadier-General C. R. I.||Cunliffe, Sir Herbert||Grenfell, Edward C. (City of London)|
|Brown, Col. D. C. (N'th'I'd., Hexham)||Curtis-Bennett, Sir Henry||Grotrian, H. Brent|
|Brown, Brig.-Gen. H.C.(Berks, Newb'y)||Dalkeith, Earl of||Gunston, Captain D.|
|Burgoyne, Lieut.-Colonel Sir Alan||Dalziel, Sir Davison||Hall, Lieut.-Col. Sir F. (Dulwich)|
|Burman, J. B.||Davidson, Major-General Sir John H.||Hammersley, S. S.|
|Burney, Lieut.-Com. Charles D.||Davies, Dr. Vernon||Hannon, Patrick Joseph Henry|
|Burton, Colonel H. W.||Davies, Sir Thomas (Cirencester)||Harland, A.|
|Harmsworth, Hon. E. C. (Kent)||Margesson, Captain D.||Smith-Carington, Neville W.|
|Harrison, G. J. C.||Meller. R. J.||Somerville, A. A. (Windsor)|
|Harvey, Major S. E. (Devon, Totnes)||Merriman, F. B.||Stanley, Lord (Fylde)|
|Haslam, Henry C.||Meyer, Sir Frank||Stanley, Hon. O. F. G.(Westm'eland)|
|Henderson, Lieut.-Col. V. L. (Bootie)||Milne, J. S. Wardlaw-||Steel, Major Samuel Strang|
|Hennessy, Major J. R. G.||Mitchell, S. (Lanark, Lanark)||Storry-Deans, R.|
|Herbert, S. (York, N.R.,Sear. & Wh'by)||Monsell, Eyres, Com. Rt. Hon. B. M.||Stott, Lieut.-Colonel W. H.|
|Hope, Capt. A. O. J. (Warw'k, Nun.)||Moreing, Captain A. H.||Streatfeild, Captain S. R.|
|Hope, Sir Harry (Forfar)||Morrison-Bell, Sir Arthur Clive||Stuart, Crichton-, Lord C.|
|Hopkins, J. W. W.||Nall, Lieut.-Colonel Sir Joseph||Stuart, Hon. J. (Moray and Nairn)|
|Hopkinson, Sir A. (Eng. Universities)||Neville, R. J.||Styles, Captain H. Walter|
|Hopkinson, A. (Lancaster, Mossley)||O'Connor, T. J. (Bedford, Luton)||Sugden, Sir Wilfrid|
|Horlick, Lieut.-Colonel J. N.||Oman, Sir Charles William C.||Templeton, W. P.|
|Howard, Captain Hon. Donald||Pennefather, Sir John||Thom, Lt.-Col. J. G. (Dumbarton)|
|Hudson, R. S. (Cumberl'nd, Whiteh'n)||Percy, Lord Eustace (Hastings)||Thomson, F. C. (Aberdeen, South)|
|Hume, Sir G. H.||Perkins, Colonel E. K.||Tinne, J. A.|
|Hunter-Weston, Lt.-Gen. Sir Aylmer||Perring, Sir William George||Titchfieid, Major the Marquess of|
|Huntingfield, Lord||Pielou, D. P.||Tryon, Rt. Hon. George Clement|
|Hurd, Percy A.||Pilditch, Sir Philip||Turton, Sir Edmund Russborough|
|Hurst, Gerald B.||Preston, William||Vaughan-Morgan. Col. K. P.|
|Hutchison, G. A. Clark (Midl'n & P'bl's)||Price, Major C. W. M.||Waddington, R.|
|Jackson, Sir H. (Wandsworth, Cen'l)||Radford, E. A.||Wallace, Captain D. E.|
|Jacob, A. E.||Raine, W.||Warrender, Sir Victor|
|James, Lieut.-Colonel Hon- Cuthbert||Ramsden, E.||Waterhouse, Captain Charles|
|Jephcott, A. R.||Rawson, Sir Copper||Watson, Sir F. (Pudsey and Otley)|
|Kennedy, A. R. (Preston)||Rees, Sir Beddoe||Watson, Rt. Hon, W. (Carlisle)|
|Kidd, J. (Linlithgow)||Remer, J. R.||Watts, Dr. T.|
|Kindersley, Major Guy M.||Rice, Sir Frederick||Wells, S. R.|
|King, Captain Henry Douglas||Roberts, E. H. G. (Flint)||Wheler, Major Sir Granville C. H.|
|Little, Dr. E. Graham||Ropner, Major L.||Williams, Com. C. (Devon, Torquay)|
|Locker-Lampson, G. (Wood Green)||Russell, Alexander West (Tynemouth)||Williams, Herbert G. (Reading)|
|Lougher, L.||Rye, F. G.||Wilson, R. R. (Stafford, Lichfield)|
|Lucas-Tooth, Sir Huth Vere||Samuel, A. M. (Surrey, Farnham)||Winterton, Rt. Hon. Earl|
|Luce, Maj.-Gen. Sir Richard Harman||Sandeman, A. Stewart||Wise, Sir Fredric|
|MacAndrew, Major Charles Glen||Sanderson, Sir Frank||Womersley, W. J.|
|Macdonald, Capt. P. D. (I. of W.)||Shaw. R. G. (Yorks, W.R., Sowerby)||Wood, E. (Chest'r, Stalyb'ge & Hyde)|
|Macdonald, R. (Glasgow, Cathcart)||Shaw, Lt.-Col. A. D. Mcl. (Renfrew, W)||Wragg, Herbert|
|McDonnell, Colonel Hon. Angus||Shaw, Capt. W. W. (Wilts, Westb'y)|
|McLean, Major A.||Sheffield, Sir Berkeley||TELLERS FOR THE AYES.—|
|Macnaghten, Hon. Sir Malcolm||Shepperson, E. W.||Captain Bowyer and Captain|
|McNeill, Rt. Hon. Ronald John||Simms, Dr. John M. (Co. Down)||Viscount Curzon.|
|Malone, Major P. B.||Slaney, Major P. Kenyon|
|Adamson, Rt. Hon. W. (Fife, West)||Graham. Rt. Hon. Wm. (Edin., Cent.)||Morris, R. H.|
|Alexander, A. V. (Sheffield, Hillsbro)||Greenall, T.||Murnin, H.|
|Ammon, Charles George||Greenwood, A. (Nelson and Colne)||Naylor, T. E.|
|Attlee, Clement Richard||Grenfell, D. R. (Glamorgan)||Oliver, George Harold|
|Baker, J. (Wolverhamlon, Bilstan)||Groves, T.||Palin, John Henry|
|Barker, G. (Monmouth, Abertillery)||Grundy, T. W.||Paling, W.|
|Barnes, A.||Hall, F. (York, W.R. Normanton)||Pethick-Lawrence, F. W.|
|Barr, J.||Hall, G. H. (Merthyr Tydvil)||Ponsonby, Arthur|
|Batey, Joseph||Hardie, George D.||Potts, John S.|
|Benn, Captain Wedgwood (Leith)||Harris, Percy A.||Purcell, A. A.|
|Bowerman, Rt. Hon. Charles W.||Hayday, Arthur||Richardson. R. (Houghton-le-Spring)|
|Broad, F. A.||Hayes, John Henry||Riley, Ben|
|Bromfield, William||Henderson, Right Hon. A. (Burnley)||Robinson, Sir T. (Lanes, Stretford)|
|Bromley, J.||Henderson, T. (Glasgow)||Runciman, Rt. Hon. Walter|
|Brown, James (Ayr and Bute)||Hirst, G. H.||Salter, Dr. Alfred|
|Buchanan, G.||Hirst, W. (Bradford, South)||Scrymgeour, E.|
|Buxton, Rt. Hon. Noel||Hudson, J. H. (Huddersfield)||Scurr, John|
|Charleten, H. C.||Jenkins, W. (Glamorgan, Neath)||Shaw, Rt. Hon. Thomas (Preston)|
|Clowes, S.||John, William (Rhondda, West)||Shepherd, Arthur Lewis|
|Cluse, W. S.||Johnston, Thomas (Dundee)||Short, Alfred (Wednesbury)|
|Clynes, Rt. Hon. John R.||Jones, Henry Haydn (Merloneth)||Sinclair, Major Sir A. (Calthness)|
|Compton, Joseph||Jones, Morgan (Caerphilly)||Sitch, Charles H.|
|Cove, W. G.||Kelly, W. T.||Slesser, Sir Henry H.|
|Cowan, D. M. (Scottish Universities)||Kennedy, T.||Smillie, Robert|
|Dalton, Hugh||Kirkwood, D||Smith, Ben (Bermondsey, Rotherhithe)|
|Davies, Evan (Ebbw Vale)||Lansbury, George||Smith, H. B. Lees (Keighley)|
|Davies, Rhys John (Westhoughton)||Lawrence, Susan||Smith, Rennie (Penistone)|
|Day, Colonel Harry||Lawson, John James||Snell, Harry|
|Dennison, R.||Lee, F.||Snowden, Rt. Hon. Philip|
|Duncan, C.||Lindley, F. W.||Spencer. G. A. (Broxtowe)|
|Dunnico, H.||Livingstone, A. M.||Stamford, T. W.|
|Forrest, W.||Lowth, T.||Stephen, Campbell|
|Gardner, J. P.||Lunn, William||Stewart, J. (St. Rollox)|
|Gibbins, Joseph||Maclean, Neil (Glasgow, Govan)||Sullivan, J.|
|Gillett, George M.||March, S.||Sutton, J. E.|
|Gosling, Harry||Mitchell, E. Rosslyn (Paisley)||Thorne, G. R. (Wolverhampton, E)|
|Graham, D. M. (Lanark, Hamilton)||Montague, Frederick||Thurtle, E.|
|Tinker, John Joseph||Webb, Rt. Hon. Sidney||Williams, T. (York, Don Valley)|
|Townend, A. E.||Welsh, J. C.||Wilson, R. J. (Jarrow)|
|Trevelyan, Rt. Hon. C. P.||Wiggins, William Martin|
|Vlant, S. P.||Wilkinson, Ellen C.||TELLERS FOR THE NOES.—|
|Wallhead, Richard C.||Williams, C. P. (Denbigh, Wrexham)||Mr. Allen Parkinson and Mr.|
|Walsh, Rt. Hon. Stephen||Williams, David (Swansea, East)||Charles Edwards.|
|Watson, W. M. (Dunfermline)||Williams, Dr. J. H. (Llanelly)|