Moplahs (Transportation).

Oral Answers to Questions — India. – in the House of Commons on 19th March 1923.

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Photo of Mr John Simpson Mr John Simpson , Taunton

7.

asked the Under-Secretary of State for India whether any and, if so, how many Moplahs have been transported to the Adaman Islands; how many are imprisoned in jails in India and Burma; and whether the sentences they are serving were inflicted by courts-martial or by the ordinary criminal courts of British India?

Photo of Viscount  Turnour Viscount Turnour , Horsham and Worthing

As regards Moplahs transported to the Adamans, inquiry has been made from the Government of India. On the 31st August last there were 8,185 Moplahs confined in jails; and there were then, or shortly after, 1,875 cases still to be finished in which 3,150 persons were being tried. Most of those convicted had been tried by the special courts, consisting of or including civil judicial officers, established Under the Malabar Ordinances. Military courts ceased to try cases when martial law ended on the 26th February, 1922. Up to the end of December, 1921, military courts had, it is believed, tried only 28 persons.

Photo of Mr John Simpson Mr John Simpson , Taunton

Can the Noble Lord tell us how many cases are still pending?

Photo of Viscount  Turnour Viscount Turnour , Horsham and Worthing

No; as the result of a previous question asked by the hon. Gentleman, I am making inquiries into the whole position.

Photo of Colonel Josiah Wedgwood Colonel Josiah Wedgwood , Newcastle-under-Lyme

Will the Noble Lord tell us how many were actually transported to the Adaman Islands, and how it is that the Adaman establishment, which was closed down by his predecessor, is now again open?

Photo of Viscount  Turnour Viscount Turnour , Horsham and Worthing

That is one of the questions about which I am making inquiry, as I promised a week ago.