Photo of John Hemming

John Hemming (Birmingham, Yardley, Liberal Democrat)

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills

(1) how many children under the age of five were taken into care in each year ended 31 March since 1990, broken down by (a) ethnic origin and (b) age;

(2) how many children under five years of age were adopted from care in each year ending 31 March since 1990, broken down by (a) ethnic origin and (b) the age at which they entered care .

Photo of Parmjit Dhanda

Parmjit Dhanda (Parliamentary Under-Secretary, Department for Education and Skills; Gloucester, Labour)

The available information on (i) the number of children under the age of five who were taken into care broken down by ethnic group and broken down by age on starting their first period of care in the year is presented in Table 1; and (ii) the number of children under five years of age who were adopted from care broken down by ethnic group and broken down by age on starting their final period of care in the year is shown in Table 2.

Tables 1 and 2 are not comparable partly because the ages shown are calculated on different periods of care.

Table 1: Children looked after by local authorities aged under five years who were taken into care during the years ending 31 March 1992 to 31 March 2006, by age on starting the first period of care in the year and by ethnicity( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7) (England)
Numbers
1991-92( 8) 1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99
All children looked after aged under five who were taken into care in the year(1, 2) 830 1,900 2,500 2,900 2,900 3,200 3,500 3,600
Age on starting the first period of care In the year( 3)
Under 1 310 730 1,000 1,200 1,200 1,300 1,400 1,600
1 160 330 440 480 490 520 530 550
2 130 270 420 450 440 480 560 510
3 120 280 330 390 390 440 450 510
4 120 250 320 370 360 410 480 420
Ethnicity( 4)
White
Mixed
Asian or Asian British
Black or Black British
Other Ethnic Groups
Numbers
1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
All children looked after aged under five who were taken into care in the year(1, 2) 4,000 3,700 4,000 4,200 4,100 4,200 4,100
Age on starting the first period of care In the year( 3)
Under 1 1,900 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,100
1 610 530 560 630 580 650 620
2 620 520 570 560 550 540 560
3 450 480 420 510 500 510 450
4 440 390 490 530 440 420 400
Ethnicity( 4)
White 3,100 3,200 3,300 3,200 3,300 3,200
Mixed 290 460 530 440 450 450
Asian or Asian British 110 120 140 110 130 120
Black or Black British 120 200 220 280 270 290
Other Ethnic Groups 60 50 70 60 50 60
(1) Source: DfES, SSDA903 return which between 1992 and 1997 and since 2004 covered all children looked after by local authorities. SSDA903 covered only a sample of third of children looked after by local authorities between 1998 and 2003.

(2) Figures exclude children looked after under an agreed series of short term placements.

(3) Only the first occasion on which a child was taken into care in the year has been counted.

(4) Information on ethnic origin only started to be collected on 1 April 2000.

(5) "Children taken into care" are children who started to be looked after under the following legal statuses: interim or full care orders, and police protection or emergency protection or child assessment orders. They exclude children freed for adoption or for whom a placement order was granted, they exclude children under voluntary accommodation and they also exclude children under youth justice legal statuses.

(6) To maintain the confidentiality of each individual child, data at national level are rounded to the nearest 100 if they exceed 1,000 or to the nearest 10 otherwise. Where the number was five or less (other than zero) this has been suppressed and replaced with a *.

(7) Historical data may differ from older publications. This is mainly due to the implementation of amendments and corrections sent by some local authorities after the publication date of previous materials.

(8) Due to the implementation of the Children Act (1989), figures on children looked after are not available before 14 October 1992 and figures for the year ending 1992 only cover the period from 14 October to 31 March 1992.

Table 2: Children looked after by local authorities aged under five years who were adopted during the years ending 31 March 1992 to 31 March 2006, by age on starting the final period of care and by ethnicity( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8) (England)
Numbers
1991-92( 7) 1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99
All children looked after aged under five who were adopted in the year(1, 2) 600 1,300 1,100 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,300 1,400
Age on starting the final period of care in the year( 3)
Under 1 430 990 880 810 810 790 1,100 1,100
1 90 220 150 140 140 150 130 180
2 40 90 60 60 50 70 70 60
3 30 30 10 10 10 10 10 10
4 * * * * * * 0 0
Ethnicity( 4)
White
Mixed
Asian or Asian British
Black or Black British
Other Ethnic Groups
Numbers
1999-2000 2000-01( 8) 2001-02( 8) 2002-03( 8) 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
All Children looked after aged under five who were adopted in the year(1, 2) 1,800 2,100 2,200 2,400 2,400 2,500 2,500
Age on starting the final period of care in the year( 3)
Under 1 1,400 1,600 1,700 1,900 1,900 2,000 2,000
1 240 320 340 340 350 340 360
2 100 120 180 140 150 170 150
3 10 20 20 10 20 20 20
4 0 0 0 0 * 0 *
Ethnicity( 4)
White 1,800 1,900 2,100 2,000 2,200 2,100
Mixed 140 200 220 220 250 270
Asian or Asian British 30 30 40 50 40 40
Black or Black British 40 60 50 70 50 60
Other Ethnic Groups 40 30 20 40 30 20
(1) Source: DfES, SSDA903 return which between 1992 and 1997 and since 2004 covered all children looked after by local authorities. SSDA903 covered only a sample of third of children looked after by local authorities between 1998 and 2003.

(2) Figures for children looked after in this table exclude agreed series of short term placements.

(3) Only the last period of care in the year on which a child was looked after has been counted.

(4) Information on ethnic origin only started to be collected on 1 April 2000.

(5) To maintain the confidentiality of each individual child, data at national level are rounded to the nearest 100 if they exceed 1,000 or to the nearest 10 otherwise. Where the number was five or less (other than zero) this has been suppressed and replaced with a *.

(6) Historical data may differ from older publications. This is mainly due to the implementation of amendments and corrections sent by some local authorities after the publication date of previous materials.

(7) Until 31 March 1991 Statistics were collected on children in care under the legislation that preceded the Children Act. The number of children looked after collected from 14 October 1991, is not directly comparable with the number of children in care under the old legislation. Therefore figures are only shown for 1991-92 onwards. Figures for year 1992 only over the period from 14 October to 31 March 1992.

(8) Figures are derived from SSDA 903 return and grossed up against the AD1 return.

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