Photo of Chris Ruane

Chris Ruane (PPS (Rt Hon Peter Hain, Secretary of State), Office of the Secretary of State for Wales; Vale of Clwyd, Labour)

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions how many and what percentage of pensioners have lived in poverty in each region in each of the last 20 years, broken down by constituency.

Photo of James Purnell

James Purnell (Minister of State (Pensions Reform), Department for Work and Pensions; Stalybridge and Hyde, Labour)

Specific information regarding low income for Great Britain is available in "Households Below Average Income 1994/95-2004/05". The threshold of below 60 per cent. contemporary median income is the most commonly used in reporting trends in low income.

The data source does not allow us to provide robust estimates below the level of Government office region. There is no suitable data source for years prior to 1994-95.

The number and percentage of pensioners in households with low incomes, by Government office regions, Scotland and Wales over the period 1994-95 to 2004-05, are presented in tables 1 and 2.

Table 1: Number of pensioners survey
Million
Three-year averages
1994-95 to 1996-97 1995-96 to 1997-98 1996-97 to 1998-99 1997-98 to 1998-99 1998-99 to 2000-01 1999-2000 to 2001-02 2000-01 to 2002-03 2001-02 to 2003-04 2002-03 to 2004-05
North East 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.11 0.10 0.08
North West and Merseyside 0.31 0.32 0.33 0.32 0.30 0.28 0.27 0.26 0.24
Yorkshire and the Humber 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.27 0.26 0.24 0.21 0.19 0.17
East Midlands 0.19 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.17
West Midlands 0.22 0.25 0.26 0.25 0.25 0.24 0.25 0.23 0.21
Eastern 0.29 0.25 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.24 0.23 0.22 0.21
London 0.29 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.29 0.28 0.25 0.24 0.21
South East 0.34 0.34 0.34 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.30 0.29 0.27
South West 0.25 0.27 0.27 0.26 0.25 0.24 0.23 0.21 0.19
Wales 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.12 0.10
Scotland 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.22 0.22 0.21 0.19 0.18 0.17
Notes: 1. Numbers are provided using a three-year moving average, as single-year estimates do not provide a robust guide to year-on-year changes. Hence, figures are not consistent with any previously published single-year estimates and there may be differences in changes over time. In circumstances such as a change in trend, moving averages will show less variation than single-year estimates. 2. Table shows number of pensioners in millions rounded to the nearest 10,000. 3. In this answer low income is determined for individuals as living in households with incomes below 60 per cent. of the GB median. Source: Family Resources.
Table 2: Percentage of pensioners survey
Three-year averages
1994-95 to 1996-97 1995-96 to 1997-98 1996-97 to 1998-99 1997-98 to 1998-99 1998-99 to 2000-01 1999-2000 to 2001-02 2000-01 to 2002-03 2001-02 to 2003-04 2002-03 to 2004-05
North East 31 31 30 28 27 25 24 20 18
North West and Merseyside 26 26 27 26 25 24 23 21 20
Yorkshire and the Humber 29 29 31 30 29 27 24 22 19
East Midlands 26 28 28 28 27 26 25 23 22
West Midlands 27 27 28 27 27 26 26 24 22
Eastern 28 26 28 27 27 24 23 22 21
London 28 29 30 30 28 28 25 24 21
South East 25 24 24 24 23 22 21 20 18
South West 26 28 27 27 25 24 23 21 18
Wales 24 25 25 25 24 23 21 21 18
Scotland 28 27 27 26 25 23 22 20 18
Notes: 1. Percentages are provided using a three-year moving average, as single-year estimates do not provide a robust guide to year-on-year changes. Hence, figures are not consistent with any previously published single-year estimates and there may be differences in changes over time. In circumstances such as a change in trend, moving averages will show less variation than single-year estimates. 2. In this answer low income is determined for individuals as living in households with incomes below 60 per cent. of the GB median. Source: Family Resources.

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